urban farming

Vision 2025 has identified the nexus of food security with water as one of the main pillars – and the objective here is to ensure sufficient, reliable, clean and cost-effective access to water and food. To achieve this, Pakistan needs to build a climate change resilient agricultural sector.

Urban agriculture or Vertical farming is the practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city. Urban agriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, and agroforestry, hydroponic, Aquaponics, Aeroponics and horticulture. Urban agriculture is part of the urban ecological system and can play an important role in the urban environmental management system. Today our growing city will produce more and more waste water and organic wastes, creating ecological problems and facing food security issues and unhealthy vegetables supply… Urban agriculture can help to solve such these problems by turning urban surplus into a productive resource.

Urban gardening is the process of growing plants of all types and varieties in an urban environment. Today urban farming is translated in to industry, which is encompasses several unique gardening concepts, including: Container gardening, Hydroponic, Aquaponics vertical systems. There are many segments of urban farming.

Pre-agriculture practices within and around cities these are competing the resources (land, water, and energy, labour) that could also serve other purposes to satisfy the requirements of the urban population.”

Organic Farm…beyond money and ethics, though, organic farming practices result in numerous environmental benefits.

  • Organic Farming Discourages Environmental Exposure to Pesticides and Chemicals. …
  • Organic Farming Builds Healthy Soil. …
  • Organic Farming Helps Combat Erosion. …
  • Organic Farming Fights the Effects of Global Warming.

Organic agriculture and its importance

Organic agriculture is involved with the natural methods like crop rotation, biological pest control, compost etc. In the process of organic farming, the farmers use fertilizers as well as pesticides by following the dosage limitations strictly.

Vertical farming

 It is most modern technique of cultivation, cultivated vegetable on your rooftop, vacant rooms, and basement. Through that system you can ensure sustainable growth, consistence income and help out urban population with fresh food and food security, environment protection and water security.

Benefits of Urban Farming

Community farming offers many benefits to farmers who want to practice sustainable agriculture and to communities who want fresh, healthy, locally-produced food.

  • Healthy Local Economies. …
  • Environmental Solutions. …
  • Local Food Security. …
  • Market Stability. …
  • Social Capital and Community Amenities.
  • Increases Food Security. Food security is having access to and being able to afford nutritious, safe food—and enough of it. …
  • Creates a Sense of Belonging. …
  • Produces Healthy Food You Can Respect. …
  • Provides a Learning Opportunity. …
  • Makes Efficient Use of Land.

HOW URBAN FARING CONTRIBUTE SOCIETY integrity, sense of ownership and food security

Here are 10 ways urban farms are contributing to the improved health of their communities:

  • Reduce Carbon Emissions. …
  • Innovative Techniques. …
  • Job Creation. …
  • Economic Growth. …
  • Community Building. …
  • Public Health. …
  • Food Quality. …
  • Food Security.


Food Security & Sustainable agriculture also benefits the environment by maintaining soil quality, reducing soil degradation and erosion, and saving water. In addition to these benefits, sustainable agriculture also increases biodiversity of the area by providing a variety of organisms with healthy and natural environments to live in. Time is money. Not only are organic farms typically smaller than conventional ones, but they also, on average, take more time to produce crops because they refrain from using the chemicals and growth hormones used by conventional farmers. Production-oriented government subsidies reduce the overall cost of crops. The main components of both sustainable farming and conventional farming are exactly the same: soil management, crop management, water management, disease/pest management and waste management.

  • Sustainable Agriculture: Meeting Current Needs Without Sacrificing Future Needs.
  • Protecting Water Quality and Supply. …
  • Sustainable Land Use: Maintaining Wildlife Habitat and Biodiversity. 
  • Renewable Energy Production and Consumption. …
  • Plant and Animal Production Practices. …
  • Labor Practices and Social and Economic Equity.
  • By localizing produce, urban farms cut down on the significant amount of fossil fuel consumption necessary to transport, package, and sell food. The average meal has traveled 4,200 miles just to get to your table. Urban agriculture helps consumers reduce their “food print” by providing them the opportunity to purchase food that was grown within their community.

As city spaces lack the wide-open fertile grounds of traditional farming methods, urban farmers are tasked with finding creative solutions to dealing with challenges like waste, space, resources, and energy. Because of this, more efficient innovations are created to improve the quality and quantity of food that can be produced with the least amount of resources. (For example, the vertical hydroponic & Aquaponics systems of The Growing Experience in Long Beach produce 3-4 times as much produce as traditional farming methods and use significantly less water.)


From window box herb gardens to large community spaces, these farms create opportunities to involve the community. Urban farms create job (and volunteer) opportunities in big cities, where poverty and hunger are often persistent issues. An increase in small businesses stimulates local economy and supports the community by creating jobs right where people live.


By virtue of their proximity to consumers, urban farms stimulate local economy by circulating income throughout the region. Without a complicated distribution network, farmers are more connected to their market and able to adapt quickly to demand, maximizing profit. In addition, many of these organizations are structured in a way that brings additional benefit to the community and support to low income populations by stabilizing food costs and are in many cases, offering discounted or free produce.


Gardens create more than healthy, delicious food. Urban agriculture brings people together with a common interest — food. The overall health of a community is benefited by increasing its capacity to create an environment that truly sustains its residents. Most urban farming projects require a high level of social organization, giving many individuals in the community a vested interest in its success.


Increasing populations of people in cities suffer from malnutrition and a variety of other diet-related health issues. Bringing nutritious food to local communities has many direct health benefits, including reducing the risk of harmful conditions like heart disease, obesity, diabetes, and more. Involving individuals in the garden itself provides an opportunity for exercise and a deeper connection to agriculture.


Smaller scale, local markets provide the opportunity for farmers to foster more unique varieties of produce. These farms preserve biodiversity by cultivating heirloom varieties or those with lower shelf-stability. The proximity and connectedness to market allows for fresh, nutritious produce to become available to communities that have never had access to this in the past.


While there may not be a “shortage” of food in most regions, issues of access are absolutely prevalent — especially in urban areas. In Orange County, about 400,000 people do not have access to affordable, healthy food. Urban agriculture helps to correct this by reducing the price of healthy food by eliminating the middleman and increasing the opportunity for community members in need to participate in the growing of this food. Many urban farms also adopt charitable models in an effort to support communities in need through direct donation or by providing either discounted or free produce.


Urban agriculture addresses another issue inherent throughout our current food culture — a disconnection to where our food comes from. By involving children and adults alike in education around sustainable, local agriculture, farmers increase the health of our future food systems.


Lastly, agriculture in cities provides something obvious — more green space. This contributes to the health of city ecosystems in a variety of ways. Greenery adds aesthetic appeal, reduces runoff from precipitation, provides restful spaces for the community, and counters the heat island effect by fixing carbon through photosynthesis.

Urban farming, from concept to realization

The world population grows possible from 6 to 9 billion people in 2050 and the global diet shifts from vegetable to animal products. This combination of population growth and dietary change challenges us to look to sustainable food systems. It is a complex challenge that requires a food transition: a long term transition to sustainable production, processing and distribution and a more balanced, sustainable and healthy diet. Cities play a crucial role in the sustainability of our food system.  Therefore live ability, space use, social cohesion and sustainability are high on the administrative agenda. A renewed link between the city and surrounding country (agriculture) can help to solve part of the above issues. By 2050 rising populations will see a 50% increase in food demand. Throw climate change, the severity of catastrophic weather events and water scarcity into the mix and the world faces a bleak future. Existing farming practices are unsustainable.

We need to look at alternative ways to create energy and to produce food. That’s no longer a preferred option but a necessity.

Today’s agricultural processes demand huge amounts of energy and extract vast quantities of dwindling water from the earth. Even worse, they are dramatically impacted by bad weather and disease, so prices fluctuate wildly.

Up to 80% of the planet’s scarce fresh water is used for agriculture, so to develop a food production that uses none at all is nothing short of miraculous. Growing food in a desert, especially in a period of sustained drought, is a pretty counterintuitive idea.

The goal of this project is to support the development of urban agriculture into a full social and economic activity:

  1. To connect and strengthen initiatives around urban agriculture
  2. To underpin  and enhancing the potential of urban agriculture
  3. To broaden the knowledge for teaching, research, policy and entrepreneurs

PAKISTAN and Hard Facts

Pakistan, agriculture provides employment for approximately 25 million people. Over the last few decades, Pakistan has suffered from alternating cycles of extreme flooding in irrigated plains and prolonged droughts in its arid zones. Per capita water availability has fallen below 1,200 cubic meters and it is estimated that it will be reduced by half by mid-century. Water security for both agriculture and domestic use is becoming critical, and climate resilience practices need to be transferred to the rural population on an urgent basis.

Poverty is predominantly a rural problem, with rural people comprising more than 60 per cent of the population (116 million) and accounting for 80 per cent of the country’s poor. Rural farmers face small landholdings; poor access to markets; a lack of access to credit, inputs and support services; limited off-farm employment opportunities; and policy and institutional constraints.

The country has a high number of young people, with over 55 per cent of the population below the age of 25 and over 35 per cent between 25 and 54 years. Considerable gender disparities exist on account of socio-economic, political and health factors. The adult literacy rate is 56 per cent, but there are huge variations between the urban and rural population and across regions. Unemployment Rate in Pakistan remained unchanged at 5.90 percent in 2016 from 5.90 percent in 2015. Unemployment Rate in Pakistan averaged 5.47 percent from 1985 until 2016, reaching an all-time high of 7.80 percent in 2002 and a record low of 3.10 percent in 1987.

Pakistan could “run dry” by 2025 as its water shortage is reaching an alarming level. Researchers predict that Pakistan is on its way to becoming the most water-stressed country in the region by the year 2040. In 2016, PCRWR reported that Pakistan touched the “water stress line” in 1990 and crossed the “water scarcity line” in 2005. If this situation persists, Pakistan is likely to face an acute water shortage or a drought-like situation in the near future. Experts say that population growth and urbanisation are the main reasons behind the crisis. The issue has also been exacerbated by climate change, poor water management and a lack of political will to deal with the crisis. “Pakistan is approaching the scarcity threshold for water. What is even more disturbing is that groundwater supplies — the last resort of water supply —are being rapidly depleted. Water scarcity in Pakistan has been accompanied by rising temperatures”, The monsoon season has become erratic in the past few years. The winter season has shrunk from four to two months in many parts of the country. At the time of Pakistan’s birth in 1947, forests accounted for about 5 percent of the nation’s area, but they have now dropped to only 2 percent.

Despite its impressive and continuously growing amounts of agricultural production, the country is struggling with significant levels of food insecurity. According to World Food Programme (2009), more than 48 percent of the population is food insecure. FATA has the highest percentage of food insecure population (67.7 percent) followed by Baluchistan (61.2 percent) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (56.2 percent). The report details Pakistan’s official Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) which was earlier published in the Economic Survey of Pakistan 2015–2016. … According to the report, nearly 39 percent of Pakistanis live in multidimensional poverty, with the highest rates of poverty in FATA and Baluchistan.

Large amounts of agricultural production and the continuously increasing population place high demands on Pakistan’s water resources. At present, the annual per capita availability of water in Pakistan is estimated at about 1,100 cubic meters; below 1,000 cubic meters, countries begin experiencing chronic water stress (Population Action International, 1993). Vast majority of the country’s water resources – some 90 percent – is used for agriculture, while the remaining share is split equally between the industry and the domestic use.

Vision 2025 has identified the nexus of food security with water as one of the main pillars – and the objective here is to ensure sufficient, reliable, clean, and cost-effective access to water and food. To achieve this, Pakistan needs to build a climate change resilient agricultural sector.

Furthermore, Vision 2025 has identified the nexus of food security with water as one of the main pillars – and the objective here is to ensure sufficient, reliable, clean, and cost-effective access to water and food. To achieve this, Pakistan needs to build a climate change resilient agricultural sector.

Pakistan’s main water source is the Indus canal irrigation system, yet due to ongoing operational and maintenance issues, there are extensive water losses in transit which adversely affect landholdings at the tail end of the distribution channels. This, combined with the inefficient water usage on farmlands, leads to low yields, which in turn reduce farm income, creating a vicious cycle. The recurrence of droughts in certain areas and floods in others in recent years, has further increased the number of food insecure people. As Faizan Ali Ghori, Director, Matco Foods Limited, points out “the risk is not of water scarcity, but the lack of efficient water management across agricultural value chains.” He is of the view that these challenges can be managed by adopting soil and water conservation technologies, installation of high-efficiency irrigation systems and developing drought-resistant crop varieties to sustain food security. (DAWN)

Without any reason or a waiting for Govt resource, administrative political initiatives/polices ever single urban and ruler citizen should initiate with his own resources. Urban farming is accumulated is best way for food security, ecological enrichment, water management and social coherence in society.

Second big issue is waste water vegetables

Vegetables absorb heavy metals from polluted soil and water, thus contaminating the food chain at all levels.

A 2013 study by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (Suparco) that measured the toxicity of vegetables grown in the Malir river basin identified 10,000 acres of cultivated land where this practice is taking place. Dr Mubarak Ahmed, director general at the Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC), estimates that close to 10 per cent of Karachi’s residents are exposed to these vegetables, especially those living near where they are cultivated. Another study is calculated that about 25 per cent to 30 per cent of the city’s vegetables were grown with waste water. These figures include produce grown using waste water from the Lyari River, which is now reduced to a sewage drain. A well-known haven for vegetable farms that draw water from the polluted Lyari River closer to the city’s south-western coastline is the area aptly known as Gutter Baghicha (Gutter Garden). Like Shah Faisal Colony, this land is also surrounded by controversy. Officially it comes under the Karachi Municipal Corporation but the people growing vegetables here have all encroached upon it.

A waste water treatment plant near Gutter Baghicha, one of three in the city, is supposed to remove harmful pathogens from the waste water before it is dumped into the drain. There are, however, conflicting reports about whether this plant is functional. Official figures from the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB) show that, even if it were functional, it runs at less than half its optimum capacity. With more than 2000 factories located in the neighboring SITE area, the treatment plant is of little use in reducing toxins in waste water.

Heavy metals in soil and vegetables grown with municipal wastewater in Lahore

RIVER RAVI, waste water.

Study around River Ravi is narrated a horrific fact and figures, Heavy metals contamination of fruits and vegetables as a consequence of wastewater irrigation is most important concern, Present study measures heavy metals concentration (Cr, Cu and Pb) in soil and vegetable samples collected from agriculture area around four major drains of Lahore (Hudiara drain, Babu Sabu drain, Chota  Ravi drain and Kharak drain). Results show that concentration of Cu, Cr and Pb in soil samples were in compliance with WHO and EU standards, with an average of 2.221 + 1.184, 5.314 + 1.0511, and 3.864 + 1.6095 mg/kg respectively. Cu contenting  vegetable sranged from 0.4-18.9 mg/Kg (average of 4.11 + 6.639 mg/kg), was within limits while Cr in Lady Finger, from Chota Ravi drain area, was 13.2 mg/Kg which is higher than permissible limit (2.4 mg/Kg). While Pb concentration in vegetables samples varied between 0.7 -8.1 mg/Kg (Mean 2.329 + 2.592 mg/kg), which was also higher than the standard (0.3 mg/Kg).

Study is concluded that vegetables grown along four major drains are contaminated with metals i.e. Cu, Cr and Pb in varying amounts. In soil samples Cu, Cr and Pb are detected but their concentration are within applicable permissible limits whereas concentration of Cr and Pb is high in vegetables samples. Application of wastewater for irrigation has the potential to accumulate high level of heavy metals in human due to consumption of these vegetables.


Although urban farming is new phenomena across globe, People are gathering around that solution, that solution not only emerged as a food security, climate protection but also as social coherence activities. People not only share fresh food, discuss pattern of cultivation also they created small community shops direct dealing with consumer and farmers.

ROOF TOP, Urban Farming.

An urban farm can include rooftop agriculture or the cultivation of vacant lots. In almost all cases of urban agriculture some form of intensive or vertical gardening must be utilized due to space limitations. Greenhouses are also a popular form of urban farming.

Most urban farms grow produce, bedding, or perennial plants, although others grow more specialized plants such as poinsettias or orchids under carefully controlled environmental conditions.

Some plants that require vast stretches of acreage like corn or grains just are not practical for the constraints of an urban farm.

Due to space limitations, horticulturalists must be creative when designing for rooftop intensive gardening in raised beds or vertical gardening in the small spaces between buildings.

Vertical farming is a common method of urban farming and often takes place in an interior environment with carefully controlled conditions and lighting. Some vertical farms with conditions similar to greenhouses use natural light and solar heating. Other vertical farms are completely indoors and use artificial lighting, and humidity and heating equipment.

Vertical farming is a common method of growing produce in an indoor environment (e.g., a building or walk-in container) with carefully controlled conditions and lighting.

Some vertical farms have conditions similar to greenhouses, using natural sunlight and primarily solar heating during the day. Other vertical farms are completely indoors, using artificial lighting and humidity and heating controls.

Lettuce, kale, and other forms of greens are the most common vegetables grown in vertical farms. Some crops like corn or grain just are not practical for this form of agriculture.

Vertical farming is the practice of producing food and medicine in vertically stacked layers, vertically inclined surfaces and/or integrated in other structures (such as in a skyscraper, used warehouse, or shipping container).

Advantages of Vertical Farming

  • Year-round crop production.
  • Eliminates agricultural runoff.
  • Significantly reduces use of fossil fuels (farm machines and transport of crops)
  • Makes use of abandoned or unused properties.
  • No weather related crop failures.
  • Offers the possibility of sustainability for urban centers.

Vertical farming is the growing of crops in vertically stacked layers. Vertical hydroponics, as the name suggests, is the combination of hydroponics and vertical farming. So in a vertical hydroponics grow system, you will have several stacked levels, with plants being grown on each level.

Vertical farming is the practice of growing produce in vertically stacked layers. The practice can use soil, hydroponic or aeroponic growing methods. Vertical farms attempt to produce food in challenging environments, like where arable land is rare or unavailable.

According to experts an average acre of traditionally farmed land will earn a farmer between PKR 20,000 and PKR 30,000 per year. An average acre of hydroponically grown crops will earn between PKR 200,000 and PKR 250,000 per year.

Through vertical farming we can grow from small vacant room to our roof top.

SL # AREA # of Plants can grow Production in year Sale in year
1 15 FT x 12 FT room Broccoli 1232 plants 308 x4= 1232 kg x PKR 280/kg 344960.00
2 5 merla  25 FT x 45 FT 7084 plants 1771 kg x 4 = 7084 kg x PKR 280/kg 1983520.00
3 10 merla 35 x 70 FT 9856 plants 2464 kg x 4= 9856kg x PKR  280/kg 2759680.00
4 I kanal 50x 90 FT 22176 plants 5544x  4= 22176 kg x PKR 280/kg 6209,280.00


Size 33X60 1980 SQFT
Plant to plant distance 9”
Unit size 26 x4x10 ft  26 x 4 x 18 ft
Walking passage 1 FT
Number of PlantS 117504 in year
Water Holding Capacity 6 LTR
Growing pots with Drainage Recycle system of nutrient water
TDS level of water Less than 100
PH level of water 5.6-6.0
Humidity in tunnel 80 %
Growing All vegetable leaf and herbs, WESTERN & CHINESE

Flow diagram

Seeding–transplant-production- irrigation—fertigation–harvesting –packing– logistic and sales

Cycle of growth & Harvesting

70-80 days

Yields per Green house for each vegetable in zone 10 (Pakistan)?

IS ABOUT 800 GRMS APPROX.  per plant.

How much water is required greenhouse?

Water consumption is mainly for irrigation and cooling pads.

For irrigation consumption, it is about 7-8L/SQM/day.

For cooling pad, it is about 8.6 Ton/greenhouse/hour

 How much Electric city is required in green house?

Each fan consumed 1 unit PH x 4 x 5 units in hot days

Water controlling system 1 units per day

Water pump station: 7 units per day

Ro plant 8 units per day

Fretigation system used 2 units per day.

Misting, fogging system and air & oxygen pump 1 unit per day when required

Per unit is available PKR 13.00



  • Green and Pure Micronutrient liquid Fertilizer ia a Yield Booster for Plants. Micronutrients are essential for plant growth and play an important role in balanced crop nutrition.
  • It improves the Quality, Quantity and guarantees Greener leaves & healthy plants. Increases the Root & Internodes length, Chlorophyll content of the leaf.
  • Enhances the yield up to 20-30% over the normal yield, Induces Flowering, Eradicates Nutrient deficiency by balancing the soil substrates. Also helps to fight Drought & Provides Pest resistance.
  • Composition: Boron (B), Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Molybdenum (Mo), Zinc (Zn), Nickel (Ni) and Chloride (Cl).It is Best Suitable For Hydroponics, Home Garden, Terrace Gardening, Grow Bag Cultivation, Kitchen Gardening, Terrace Poly House Gardening & Roof Top Balcony Gardening.
  • Dosage: Use 3 – 5 ml of Green and Pure Micronutrient Fertilizer for one liter of water; Application: It can be applied in the Root Zone & can be sprayed on the leaves as Foliar Sprays once in 15 days.

The three Major /MASTER nutrients plants need are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen is the main nutrient that supports plant growth. It makes plants green and leafy. Provided at the right time and in the proper amounts, nitrogen can give plants the kick-start they need to produce a bountiful harvest.

PRICES: PKR 2540/- TO 2955.00

Mater nutrient NPK (4-18-38) 1 LTR for 100 LTR water

Micro nutrient are phosphorus as nitrogen or potassium. An example would be 10-20-10 or 12-24-12. Usage is  ½ LTR for 100 gallon

Total fertilizer is required in one time 2000 LTR both fertilizer prices in local market PKR 75 LTR.

Potassium is recommend as a fertilizer supplement and lot of phosphorus during flowering, one teaspoons ammonium sulfate during watering.

Phosphoric acid for maintaining of PH level of water 5.8 to 6.3

Food supplement

22-0-16 Veg is a crystal clear, liquid nitrogen and potassium solution that can be applied by foliar, soil or hydroponic application. Use during vegetative growth cycle to establish optimal growth, size and vigor, for support of essential macro-elements that must be replaced regularly especially during vigorous vegetative growth phase. 22-0-16 Veg contains a unique slow release nitrogen source, methylene urea that is formulated by a proprietary manufacturing process. Methylene nitrogen feeds plant slowly and consistently over several weeks, called the “Smart Nitrogen” choice for green, thriving and healthy plant growth. With 82% Smart Methylene Nitrogen, this product adheres to soil particles and will not leach or volatilize. Important for use in soilless media and outdoors where watering, or heavy rain can leach away nutrients recently applied. Smart nitrogen releases as the plant needs it ensuring consistent feeding and growth without flush growth that can often lead to disease problems. 22-0-16 Veg’s potassium source, potassium carbonate, is 100% soluble and immediately taken up by roots and foliage for fast response. 22-0-16 Grow has a very low salt index and therefore is safe to use from the very beginning of the growth cycle until maturity. It does not contain any nitrates, chlorides or sulfates and in combination with the nitrogen’s extremely low salt index, will not contribute to a buildup of salts in the soil, soilless media or hydroponics system.

Price: PKR 12787.00

2-8-32-5 Bloom 1 liquid concentrate contains three essential nutrients P, K and Mg that are essential for seed starting and promoting good root development of seedlings. It is also important to use at the pre-flowering & flowering stage. A completely soluble form, the concentrated phosphorous and potassium is quickly absorbed by roots and quickly promotes flowering. Created though a proprietary manufacturing process, the unique slow release nitrogen source in 8-32-5 Bloom 1, from methylene urea, feeds plants slowly & consistently, thereby dubbed the “Smart Nitrogen” choice for even feeding. When used on young plants, vegetative development will be supported with controlled release, without starving the plant’s overall growth, minimizing stretching & eliciting tight, efficient growth when under lights. A full package of chelated micronutrients ensures over-all plant health & avoids deficiencies & nutritional stress. 8-32-5 Bloom 1 has an ideal pH range of 6 – 7 to ensure steady nutrient uptake & growth. 8-32-5 Bloom 1’s true liquid solution can be soil applied with any injection or irrigation system, or as a drench or foliar spray, on leaves, for fast absorption. It can be used on soil, soilless & hydroponic system & has a low salt index, reducing the potential for burn.

PRICE: PKR 7218.00



5- ORGANIC 1-0-1: 13983.00

To help you get started with growing your seeds the right way the following are helpful tips:

  1. You will need to soak the cubes in clean and pure water for up to one hour.
  2. Into each hole in the starter cubes, insert seed numbering between two and four. Once the seeds start sprouting, choose the strongest ones from the bunch. Moreover, in case some do not germinate, it is always important to add extra seeds.
  3. Now, it is time to take the starter cubes to your growing nursery. You can opt to use ziplock bags then add some drops of water. In case of zip bags, seal and put them in a dark corner or a closet for up to 5 days. After this, you can move them to your grow tray because the chances are that all of them will have sprouted.
  4. Keep adding an adequately diluted nutrient solutioninto the tray and expect more sprouting in a few days. That is the time to increase grow lights but slowly closer to the plants with every passing day. The space between plants and the lights should always remain not more than 6 inches.


There is so much research that goes into indeterminate the best seeds for hydroponics to reduce the probability of failed germination

PRICES: PKR 3000- 4600/1000 SEEDS





All Chinese and western veg

DUA ENTERPRISES assisted clients in purchase of Seeds, Fertilizer, Nutrients.


Items Number of plants PRO in kg /year In Tons
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 400 grms 117504 /2= 58752 KGS 58.7 TONS
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 800 grm 117504/1.2= 700 97920 KGS 97.9TONS
Ice berg
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 370 grm 117504/2.5= 500 47001 KGS 47.0TONS
Rock salad
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 400 117504/2.5= 47001 KGS 47.0TONS
Average pricing in market


August – November  PKR 350/KG
November to February PKR 400/KG
February – May PKR 280/ KG
May – August PKR 280/KG
Average price PKR 327/kg
August- November PKR 100/KG
November – February PKR 80/KG
February – May PKR 60/KG
May– August PKR 80/KG
Average price PKR 80/ KG
Ice berg  
August- November PKR 90/KG
November – February PKR 120/KG
February – May PKR 100/KG
May – August PKR 80/KG
Average price PKR 97/KG
Rock salad  
August – November PKR 12O/KG
November – February PKR 110/KG
February – May PKR 120/KG
May – August PKR 110/KG
Kale, spar grass, muster leaf PKR 280/ KG – 350 /kg



BROCCOLI 327/KGS  58752KGS 19,211,904.00
ICE BERG 97/KGS  47001 KGS 4,559,097.00
CABBAGE 80/KGS  97920KGS 7,833,600.00
ROCK SALAD 115/KGS  47001 KGS 5,405,115.00
LETTUCES 80/KGS 41965 KGS 3,357,200.00
ASPARAGUS 300/KG 37500 KGS 11,274,000.00
  • PROJECTED SALES is more than conventionally cultivated one acre. (ESTIMATED BY SMEDA PRE FEASIBILITY PAPER of one acre)


ICE BERG     197,440.00
SEED CABBAGE     167,440.00
ROCK SALAD     180,780.00
LETTUCES     160,700.00
FOOD SUPPLIMENT     115,000.00
ELECTRIC CITY PKR 15/UNIT and 19 unit 285.00 8,550.00 102,600.00
WATER 4000 GALLON (RECYCLE) 0.40/gallon 650.00 15,600.00 187,200.00
LABOUR 1+1   24000.00 288,000.00
PACKING     157,600
TOTAL     2,288,160.00



REV 19,211,904 4,559,097 28,742,400 5,405,115 7,833,600 3,357,200
OP-EXP 960,595 227,954 1,437,120 270,255 391,680 167,860
G-INCOME 18,251,308 4,331,142 27,308,288 5,134,859 7,441,920 3,189,340
MAR/ADM 1,921,190 455,909 2,874,240 540.511 783,360 335,720
NET INCOME 16,330,117 3,875,232 24,434,048 4,594,347 6,658,560 2,853,620
BROCCOLI REV 19,211,904 23,054,284 28,115,140 33,738,168 40,535,801 44,589,381
EXP 2,288,160 2,402,568 2,526,696 2,652,830 2,785,471 2,924,744
INCOME 16,923,744 20,651,716 25,588,444 31,085,338 37,750,330 41,664,637

KEY assumption

Description Details
Revenue generation 10 %
Expenditure increase 5 %
Recover of investment 2.2 year
IRR 64 %
Replacement of equipment  
Cooling pad 3 years
Cover sheet 4 years

COST of Construction system

Description Cost
GROWING UNIT 1,904,560.00
STRUCTURE 985,360.00
Ventilation system automatic 378,700.00
MISTING  CHINA 255,000.00
FOGGING 119,510.00
Dozing system automatic FRANCE 575,000.00
Water controlling system automatic AND DISTRIBUTION USA 355,808.00
RO PLANT CHINA 675,000.00
CO2,OZAN 387,000.00
Civil work flooring sides walls 145,000.00
Labour 225,000.00
Total: 9,471,950.00
Civil work As requirement
Water source  as per your design and requirement At actual

ALL GOVT TAXES AND DUTIES WILL BE ADDED UP ACCORDINGLY. And cost may vary according to you area, growing unit size and construction.


The information memorandum is to introduce the subject matter and provide a general idea and information on the said project and prospective of future agriculture business. Although the material included in this document are based on experienced practicing farmer’s information’s, from authentic research papers of world known researchers, Dua Enterprises own experiences, world known our principal experiences and Data/information gathered from various reliable sources: Although, due care and diligence has been taken to compile this document, the contained information may vary due to any change in any concerned factors, and the actual results may differ substantially from the presented information.


Dua Enterprises

Dua Enterprises is commerce in Landscaping, Horticulture, Automatic Irrigation System,

Green House, hydroponic systems and in alternative energy with aim of enriching of environment, facilitate. Gardening dream into luxurious lawn and backyard garden, accomplish the needs of

green Pakistan and familiarize counter-strategy and induction of technology to cater to new emerging challenges of water shortage, power shortage, and food security.

Dua Enterprises is one of the leading Greenhouse and hydroponic, Aquaponics, Aeroponics and Vertical farming construction company having the ability to use most advanced technology to construct greenhouses for all kinds of growers from all over Pakistan as per their requirement. With our well-experienced staff we design, manufacture, and construct Greenhouses & hydroponic units considering the Pakistan environment and topography and known for its technological excellence in this field.

We specialize in greenhouse designing, assembling and manufacturing We provide a one-stop solution for greenhouse designs, structures, covering material, kits, weather-control equipment, irrigation equipment and material for greenhouse planting. Our products include Economical Plastic Tunnel, Multi-span Plastic Greenhouse, Poly-Film, polycarbonate, Greenhouse accessories, Shading Equipment, Ventilation Equipment’s, Cooling Equipment’s, Irrigation Systems, Planting Equipment’s, computer monitoring system hydroponic equipment like all type of NFT system, deep water system, etc.

Dua Enterprises is associated with world-known companies, Hortimax Green-tech Holland, Ridder Drive Systems B.V. Holland, Hydroponic Technology USA, AYS PROJE TAAHHÜT SAN. TİC. A.Ş.  Turkey’s greenhouse services China. Our principal not only assisted us with technology/ material but also participated physically in construction of projects and a joint venture in GCC countries.

We assist our clients in the construction of the greenhouse, hydroponics and drip irrigation, after-sale services, training of concern staff, facilitation in inputs, seeds, equipment’s, financial institutions /bank loans, marketing and sale of products in local market and foreign market especially Russia, GCC and China.

Our services

  • Designing
  • Landscaping
  • Automatic Drip Irrigation system.
  • Green House
  • Hydroponic system. Both vegetables & fodder.
  • Urban farming and Vertical farming for small scale growers or those who transform their rooftops and vacant rooms into growing units.
  • Agriculture equipment’s and Machinery

Thanks and Regards

Muhammad Shoaib Akbar

Dua Enterprises  

Landscaping, Horticulture, Automatic irrigation system Green house, Hydroponic system, Hydroponic fodder,Pivot irrigation system, Drone sprayer and Agro machinery

17 F HBFC Ichhra Apartment Rasool Park Ichhra Lahore Pakistan

Tel: 92 42 37501212 , 923341418925,92 300 4218953, Whatsapp 923341418925