PRE-FEASIBILITY HYDROPONIC

CLIMATE CONTROL GREEN HOUSE AND HYDROPONIC FARMING

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Climate control green house and Hydroponic recognize most modern growing technology in the world today. This technology transformed conventional agriculture in to agriculture business. This technology is enable bulk production in all seasons. This is most economical, water saving and pest less and free from land hazardous due to soil less production system. Plants are hanging and grow in nutrient water in hydroponic system.

The proposed project is a medium sized climate controlled greenhouse hydroponic growing unit. This unit is one ACRE (210 FT x 210 FT or 44100 SQFT) is proposed to be growth of particularly four different vegetables like tomatoes, capsicum, cucumber and strawberry in NFT Dutch Bucket or Gutter system.

The numbers of plantation each year are 18200 more than one 1 hector conventional pattern of cultivation system. The estimated production would be 20-25 kg per SQFT or 151650 Kgs of tomatoes, Capsicum 25-30 kg per SQFT or 181900 kg , Cucumber 20 to 25 kg per SQFT 151650 kg  and  Strawberry 7+7 kg per SQFT or 84924 kg  respectively in ideal Pakistani conditions.

Complete adherence to best agronomic practices is critical to the success of this project. Therefore, technical knowledge and experience of the entrepreneur and market access and knowledge, availability of recommend seeds, nutrients, inputs and required  PH, TDS, PMM level of water  and continuous availability of electric city are absolutely necessary.

The present economic condition and projection of economic growth up to 2.4 % of GDP in manufacturing large scale and small scales industries, dollar fluctuation impacts and duty and taxation ratio on imports , registration efforts on trading  and services sector the Agricultural is the only taxation FREE area of business(at present). Govt support programs in agriculture area, low interest rate on loaning facilities, demand and supply gap and duties on vegetables (approx. 4 $ billion imports) provided a chance for progressive farmers and business institutions to invest in agriculture sector and fulfill the demand and supply gap and export theirs agriculture product to GCC, Russia, central Asia countries and tailor the opportunity around CPEC. China will not establish their own growing units in Pakistan but also import agriculture products in near future. In that favorable prospective agriculture will be played locomotive role in business as a profitable venture.

The cost of construction is little bit higher.  The project NPV is project at 68,285,727.00 with an IRR of 64 % and payback period is 3 years.

Disclaimer: The information memorandum is to introduce the subject matter and provide a general idea and information on the said project and prospective of future agriculture business. Although the material included in this document are based on experienced practicing farmer’s information’s, from authentic research papers of world known researchers, Dua Enterprises own experiences, world known our principal experiences and Data/information gathered from various reliable sources: Although, due care and diligence has been taken to compile this document, the contained information may vary due to any change in any concerned factors, and the actual results may differ substantially from the presented information.

INTRODUCTION OF DUA ENTERPRISES

Dua Enterprises

Dua Enterprises is commerce in Landscaping, Horticulture, Automatic Irrigation System, Green House, hydroponics, Aquaponics and Aeroponics systems and in alternative energy with aim of enriching of environment, facilitate. Gardening dream in to luxurious lawn and backyard garden, accomplish the needs of

green Pakistan and familiarize counter strategy and induction of technology to cater new emerging challenges of water shortage, power shortage and food security.

Dua Enterprises is one of the leading Greenhouse and hydroponic, Aquaponics and Aeroponics Construction Company having ability to use most advanced technology to construct system for all kind of growers from all over Pakistan as per their requirement. With our well experienced staff we designs, and construct Greenhouses & all kind of hydroponic units considering the Pakistan environment and topography and known for its technological excellence in this field.

We provide one stop solution for greenhouse and all type growing methods from designs to construction and execution and training of staff, we also provide smart agriculture solution with modern LoRa wan technology, IOT and monitoring equipment’s.

Dua Enterprises is associated with world know companies, Hortimax Green-tech Holland, Ridder Drive Systems B.V. Holland ,Hydroponic Technology USA, AYS PROJE TAAHHÜT SAN. TİC. A.Ş. Turkey greenhouse services China and SEMTECH. Our principal not only assisted us for technology/ material but also participated physically in construction of projects and joint venture in GCC countries.

We assist our clients in construction of greenhouse, hydroponic and drip irrigation, after sale services, training of concern staff, facilitation in inputs, seeds , nutrients and fertilizers , financial institutions /bank loans , marketing and sale of products in local market and foreign market specially Russia, GCC and China.

PURPOSE OF THE DOCUMENT

The objective of the pre-feasibility study is primarily to facilitate potential entrepreneurs, progressive farmers in project identification for investment and future prospective of modern agriculture emergence as an industry and its growth, profitability, sustainability as a profitable venture. The project pre-feasibility may form the basis of an important investment decision and in order to serve this objective, the document/study covers various aspects of project concept development, start-up, and production methodology, marketing, finance and business management.

Brief Description of project & products

The obvious reason to grow greenhouse vegetables, flowers, and herbs is to have crops at a time of year when they can’t be grown outdoors. Out-of-season tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, eggplant, lettuce, basil, and other vegetables command high prices in some markets. Season extension is just one of the advantages gained from greenhouse growing. Protected crops are less apt to be damaged by wind, rain, and hail so the percentage of marketable products is higher. Yield is often higher as well, if you can provide optimum growing conditions for each crop. Greenhouses protect crops from many diseases, particularly those that are soilborne and splash onto plants in the rain. And greenhouse crops may be protected from common field pests. Of course, greenhouse crops have their own particular problems such as foliar disease, aphids, and whiteflies, so vigilance is still required.

Hydroponics is a production method where the plants are grown in a nutrient solution rather than in soil. The greenhouse and its environment control system are the same whether plants are grown with hydroponics. The greenhouse needs to be suitable for production with adequate heat and ventilation and the ability to manage both, and clean glazing for maximum light. The difference between conventional production and growing hydroponically is the support system for growing plants and the method of supplying water and nutrients.

The main advantages of the greenhouses and hydroponic are

  • Good distribution of light inside the greenhouse. The greenhouse covers have the ability to change the direction of the sun’s rays, thus evenly distributed over the entire surface, benefiting the entire greenhouse and avoiding the sun’s rays directly to the plant.
  • Energy efficiency. Takes advantage of the environmental conditions, such as optimizing the heat inside the greenhouse.
  • Control of microclimate. One of the main advantages of a greenhouseis to control and establish the optimal environment for cultivation. You can adjust the temperature, humidity, lighting, etc.
  • Protection against diseases, pests and other vermin. Another advantage of a greenhouseis that it is very difficult to enter as it is a closed space.
  • Excellent ventilation. You can ventilate the greenhouse quickly, thanks to their zenithal or side windows.
  • Optimum sealing against rain and air.
  • Increased production. This is a great advantage of a greenhouse, can intensify production due to weather conditions, can accelerate the growth of the plants and also allows a greater amount of crop on the surface.
  • Production off-season. Thanks to the environmental control of the greenhouse can produce off-season, therefore we will have a better sale price and a continuous supply of the product.
  • Production in regions with adverse weather conditions.
  • Ability to grow all the year. You can get more than one crop cycle per year and different species of plants.
  • Optimizes the use of other technologies to facilitate the management of climate (heating, humidification, shade screens or saving energy, etc.)
  • When Compared To Traditional Soil-Grown Crop Production, Hydroponics Has the Following Advantages: Up to 90% more efficientuse of water. Production increases 3 to 10 times in the same amount of space. Many crops can be produced twice as fast in a well-managed hydroponic system.
  • Simply put, hydroponicsuses mineral nutrient solutions to feed plants that are growing in water, so no soil is used in the process. … So, is hydroponic farming profitable? The answer is,Yes. If you do your research on the most profitable plants to grow and sell, you should have no problem making money.
  • Costis one of the biggest disadvantages of hydroponic gardening. Both upfront and operational costs tend to be higher for hydroponics than they are for normal soil gardens. … Larger-scale hydroponic systems tend to be more costeffective than small-scale gardens

2.PRESENT VEGETABLE GROWTH AND DEMANDIN PAKISTAN.

Vegetables constitute an integral component of the cropping pattern but the increasing pressure on food and cash crops has limited the area under vegetables to about 0.62 million ha, which is 3.1% of the total cropped area. Vegetables fit well in most farming systems due to shorter maturity period. Vegetable crops are very important due to their higher yield potential, higher return and high nutritional value and suitability for small land holding farmers. Vegetables provide proteins, minerals and vitamins required for human nutrition. In Pakistan, the daily per capita intake is low, being about 100 grams compared to the recommended consumption of about 285 grams.  Mean every person is using 185 grams less than requirements, In view of population increase, land degradation and water scarcity, there is a need to substantially increase vegetable production in the years to come and to attain self-sufficiency as well as to increase the exportable surplus.

PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE

Agriculture constitutes the largest sector of Pakistan’s economy. This sector contributes 21.4% to its GDP, provides 40% employment and 60% exports. The horticulture sub-sector (Fruits and vegetables etc.) contributes 11% to the total value addition in agriculture sector. The current national horticulture exports are about 400 million US$ (2011-12). Export of major vegetables is presented, indicator were not favorable as compared to India or another Asia countries  

Pakistan is ranked on 34th position in annual tomato production in the world. Country’s total annual requirement is more than 890,434 tonnes, and is grown on an area of 62,930 hectare. Various researches has shown big gap between supply and demand. This gap is filled by importing tomatoes from India. According survey of Pakistan, present we are importing   30-32 percent tomatoes from India. In 2014-15 import volume was 190450954 kgs of PKR 8861454 Thousand and in 2015-16 import volume was 124082215 kg of PKR 5734881 thousand and over all import of tomatoes in this two year 2014-15 223284909 kgs and in 2015-2016 233245715 kgs.

Similarly Capsicum or Bell pepper or Hot pepper (Capsicum annum L.) is a crop of Solanaceae family and its genus is Capsicum. It is also known as green pepper or shimla mirch . It has a large variety and its production showed increasing trend in recent years.  But the production is very low as per demand.  Emerging hospitality industry (Pizza and fast food sector) is forced to import colored capsicum. Despite that it provides vitamin A, C and E and is useful against flu-colds. It is a source of thiamine, beta carotene, folic acid and vitamin B6. It is used in different shapes like green, condiments, spices, pickles and sauces. It gives special beauty, flavor and taste in eating items. Capsicum demand in GCC  and many other country as source of flavor and for health purposes. In 2015-16 import volume of import was 69447 thousand kg and 21945 thousand kg in 2014-15 from India, China, Indonesia, Kuwait and Thailand.

Cucumber is another vegetable largely consumed , but its production is not sufficient, farmer mostly cultivate in Kharif season below chat revealed that cucumber was cultivate in 3381 hectares and production were only 54288 tonnes and in the same year Pakistan import 1362296 kg of PKR 56309 thousand in 2015-16 .

Area under vegetables- Pakistan                                                   Hectares

Vegetables

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

Tomatoes in Kharif

17297

17007

17336

16903

17116

Tomatoes in Rabi

39918

37049

39880

43768

45420

Cucumber in kharif

3397

3499

3528

3426

3381

Production

Tonnes

Tomatoes in kharif

144675

142604

145872

142113

142462

4Tomatoes in rabi

433128

431448

453716

423930

444649

Cucumber in kharif

48535

49947

50164

52766

54288

Production per hectares

Tonnes

Tomatoes  rabi

10

11

11

9.7

9.8

Cucumber kharif

14

14.3

14.2

15.4

16

EXPORT

Qty=Kgs value= thousand RS.

Strawberry

     

619

141

Tomatoes to Afghanistan

     

7694400 kgs

25541198 kgs

Tomatoes to Maldives

2200 kgs

Tomatoes to UAE

3510 kgs

IMPORTS

Strawberry

   

8540 kgs

QTY=Kgs value=thousand RS

27342 kgs

Tomatoes  fresh and chilled

     

233245713 kg

Cucumber

   

615534 kgs

1362296 kg

Capsicum

   

21945 kgs

21945 kgs

Above chat has shown the potential for hydroponic farming in Pakistan.

Local industries consumption and value addition

India and Bangladesh are potential exporter of fresh vegetables to GCC, European countries and earning more through value addition. Bangladesh is earning TK 237356 thousand per hectare from cowpea, snake gourd, and bitter gourd while farming cost per hectare is TK 104,644.

 According Prof. Dr. Faqir Muhammad Anjum Agriculture Faisalabad University the size of global processed food industry is estimated to be valued around USD 3.5 trillion despite that reality only 6 % of processed foods are traded across borders compared to 16 % of major bulk agriculture.

Furthermore Food processing industry is the 2nd largest industry in Pakistan fruits and vegetables processing units are 155 and processing of 20-40 % fruits and vegetables, but they only processed 27 % food and 16 % workers employed in this sector, according one estimation 169 million consumers market of Pakistan and average consumer is spending 42 % due change of lifestyle in recent year. Retail sales of processed foods is expanding by 10 % per year and currently are estimated at about USD 1.4 billion, of which imported products account for 325 million USD. Supermarkets are gaining in popularity as a shopping venue and now account for about 10% of all retail food sales, in addition to that Pakistan now hosts numerous western- style fast food chains reflecting a rising popularity with such eating style.

According to one study 400 tons tomatoes consumed in tomato paste industry in one Pakistan industries and 70 % sales in local market and 30 % export sales. A large number of fruit and vegetable processing entities are in operation both in organized sector and informal sub-sector. Major processors are Shezan International Ltd., Mitchell’s Fruit Farms Ltd., Ahmed Food Industries (Private) Ltd., Nestle Milkpak Limited, S.A. Rehman & Co., Benz Industries Ltd., Rafhan Best Foods Limited and Hamdard Fruit Products. According to the estimates of Export Promotion Bureau (EPB), at present, the capacity for the Production of fruit juices/preserves, canned fruits, tomato products, syrups, squashes and processed vegetables are estimated at about 100,000 tons per annum. In addition to the local market, the markets of Afghanistan and Central Asian Republics can be effectively catered from Pakistan. Pakistan is a member of both the Economic Co-operation Organization (ECO) and the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC), which further expands the potential of the target market enabling the establishment of economic size fruits and vegetables processing plants for industrial activity.

Vegetable and Fruit juice industry has become one of the world’s major agriculture based businesses. Pakistan is presently exporting processed vegetable and fruit products worth US$ 3 million which is 0.06% of the total existing world market of US$ 5 billion.

Local vegetables & fruits processing market still has room for further expansion. Per capita consumption is still very low as compared to developed countries. For example, US consumption of tomato paste per capita is 30 kg per year, EU countries 5 Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics Pakistan Pre-Feasibility Study Tomato Paste and Fruit Pulp PREF-41/March, 2007/Rev.2 9 consume 15 kg per capita, and Turkey consumes 1 Kg Per capita. As compared to these figures per capita consumption in Pakistan is negligible. It shows that there is still big potential for demand from the local market, which is expected to rise with the passage of time. Introduction of vegetable and fruit processing facilities in the country can contribute in reducing the dependence of local industry on imported fruit pulps and processed vegetables.

The markets for vegetable/fruit processed products are Local Market: According to estimates about 95% of the processed products (puree, paste, pulps, jams, jelly and juices) are sold in the local market. The proposed project has very wide market for processors, hotel industry and retail sellers of tomato and fruit products.  Export Market: There is great potential of vegetable/fruit processed products in Middle East, Far East, UK, European Countries, USA and Malaysia.

Major tomatoes importer countries

Year 2004  figure in tonnes

USA

1126683

GERMANY

614714

FRANCE

435155

UK

334684

RUSSIA

207755

SAUDI ARABIA

253548

NETHER LANDS

226318

CANDA

166295

SPAIN

68056

UAE

77872

Retail Supply of Tomato Paste Demand of tomato paste and fruits pulp exists in the Pakistani market. Major portion of the produce is sold as intermediary products and only a small portion is processed and sold as tomato paste/puree in the retail market. Only the leading food processors have branded products in the market. 4.3 Growth, Trends and Target Customers an annual growth of 5 to 10% is expected in the light of discussions and survey conducted. The target market of tomato paste and fruit pulp is as follows:

  1. Food processors: Vegetable and fruit processors all over the world now prefer to purchase quality paste from the open market instead of self-production, resultantly diversifying them to add more products into their product line.
  2. Hotels and Restaurants
  3. Export market in Middle East, Malaysia and European Countries.
  4. Working women
  5. Households run by working women.
  6. In International market Rotterdam in Holland has emerged as a trading hub for mango pulp/puree in Europe and from where mango pulp/puree is being supplied to many other parts of Europe. On the basis of interviews with some of the representatives of the processors & hotels, following processors are the potential buyers of tomato paste/puree and fruit pulp as raw material for their intermediary products:
  • Ahmed Foods ,§ Shangrila Foods , § Mitchell’s Fruit , § Rafhan Best Foods
  • Shezan International , § Nestle Milk Pak , § S. A. Rehman, § National Foods
  • Tops Fruit , § Salman Food ,
  • Hotels & Fast Food Restaurants like PC & Avari, § KFC, Pizza Hut, McDonald, Salt & Pepper, etc.

And many more small industries having capacity 400 tonnes to 10,000 tonnes, Specific data for paste and pulp production and its demand in local market is not available. However, the present production capacity of Tomato, Canned Vegetables & Food Products is approximately 100,000 Tons per annum as reported by EPB. The existing processors foresee no change in supply. The products of the proposed project will have no difficulty in penetrating in the market, because of the increased demand due to the following reasons:

  1. Increasing portion of working women.
  2. Changed recipes for cooking by the housewives.
  3. Preference by the processors to buy intermediary products instead of in-house manufacturing.
  4. Expansion of fast food industry in the country.

Similarly Chips and Nimko industry demand and consummation are very high but consummation data is not available. But overall situation and growing demand insist for more investment and increase production of vegetable in Pakistan.

OPPORTUNITY AROUND CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOOR (CPEC) & ONE BELT, ONE ROAD

Outline of CPEC is clearly indicating that future agriculture will be totally changed; conventional pattern of cultivation will not help fulfill the demand and supply gap. Similarly there is possibility that conventional cultivation pattern will be terminated or replaced by cash crops.

According to reports published in Newspaper special and particular article published in “DAWN” Heavily subsided Chinese agriculture companies’ wants to establish their own farms and will establish processing centers to avoid 50% losses in poor harvesting and transportation. Chinese Govt and Chinese Development Banks are offering plans to Chinese entrepreneurs to build a mechanism with govt of Pakistan.

Xinjiang Production and construction Corp to bring mechanism as well as scientific technique in livestock breeding, development of hybrid varieties and precision  irrigation to Pakistan. These all efforts lodged for the development of their largely populated KASHGAR prefecture which is suffered poverty and occurrence 50 %. The prefecture’s total output in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery amounted to just 5 billion USD.  According to that Prefecture plan to uplift large part of KASHGAR will bring opportunity of Pakistan agriculture in future.

Chinese wants to establish NPK fertilizer plant with capacity of 800,000 tonnes per year, two demonstration process plants of milk with capacity of 200,000 tonnes, also establish high yield farms in 6500 acres in Punjab. Vegetable process plant with annual output of 20,000 in Islamabad, fruits juice and jam plant of 10,000 tons and grain processing plant of 1 million tons. Similarly they will establish nationwide logistic network, warehousing and large scale distribution network, which is enhance after completion of GWADAR port and road network in 2026-2030. All these brief information indicates the future of agriculture in Pakistan.

FUTURE OF SUCCESSFUL AGRICULTURE ENTERPENUARS

The present economic condition and projection of economic growth up to 2.4 % of GDP in manufacturing large scale and small scales industries, dollar fluctuation impacts and duty and taxation ratio on imports , registration efforts on trading  and services sector the Agricultural is the only taxation FREE area of business(at present). Govt support programs in agriculture area, low interest rate on loaning facilities, demand and supply gap and duties on vegetables (approx. 4 $ billion imports) provided a chance for progressive farmers and business institutions to invest in agriculture sector and fulfill the demand and supply gap and export theirs agriculture product to GCC, Russia, central Asia countries and tailor the opportunity around CPEC. China will not establish their own growing units in Pakistan but also import agriculture products in near future. In those favorable prospective agriculture will be played locomotive role in business as a profitable venture. In order to that number of opportunities can be listed but few are these:

 

  • To fulfill 185grams present gap of per person basic nutrition need. This is 187 million USD at present and will increase 560 million USD up to 2030.
  • Present 100000 tons gap for processing industry.
  • Compliance of 5 billion USD future Chinese markets.
  • Export to highly vegetable demanded countries.
  • To fulfill domestic flourishing hospitality industry in Pakistan.

HYDROPONIC SYSTEM

 

Dutch Bucket system

Gutter system

DUTCH BUCKET IN 185 X 185 FT

PLANT TO PLAN DISTANCE 1 FT

ROW TO DISTANCE 2 FT

WALKING PASSAGE 1 FT

NUMBER OF BUCKETS 13440

WATER HOLDING CAPACITY: 2 LTR

COCA PEAT FILLING

REMOVABLE NET

GROWING POT

DRAINAGE SYSTEM OF EXTRA NUTIRENT WATER

WATER INLET AND OUT LET SYSTEM

 

GUTTER SYSTEM COCO PEAT BAG 3.2 X 1 X 6” FT

PLANT TO PLANT DISTANCE 9”

ROW TO ROW DISTANCE  2 FT

WALKING PASSAGE 2 FT

NUMBER OF BAGS 3721

NUMBER OF GROWING UNIT 4X 61= 15860

WATER HOLDING CAPACITY I.5 LTR

WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM

GI STAND

WATER INLET AND OUT LET SYSTEM

26047 ltr required per day  (recycle )

 

TOMATOES, CUCUMBER, CAPSICUM  CAN GROW

TOMATOES, CUCUMBER, CAPSICUM and STRAWBERRY CAN GROW

 

Hydroponic tomatoes are grown in a nutrient solution rather than soil, although they are typically placed in a non-soil material that can support their roots and hold the nutrients. Hydroponically grown vegetables can be just as nutritious as those grown in soil. … Plants make their own vitamins, so vitamin levels tend to be similar whether a vegetable is grown hydroponically or in soil.

Hydroponic tomatoes are now just as tasty as tomatoes grown outside in perfect summer conditions, scientists say. … Good tomato flavor, as we’ve noted, is a complex combination of sugars, acids and gasses we experience as smell.  Hydroponic plants grow 25-30% faster than traditionally grown plants because the perfect blend of nutrients is delivered directly to the root system. The plant does not need to expend energy on an extensive root system to find the food it needs, so all of its energy goes into upward leaf growth.

The Average Yield is for hydroponic tomatoes are about 40 pounds per square foot per year. The yield may be less than that if your tomato plants lack the proper care and nutrients. According to Texas A&M  AgriLife Extension, growers can get 46 to 50 pounds per 1.4 square feet under optimum conditions.

Similarly Roma cherry tomato plants are estimated to produce up to 200 fruits per plant; the red cherry cultivar “Sweetie” produces about 15 cherry tomatoes per cluster, so you can count the flower clusters that develop on the vine to determine the number of possible fruits to expect.

A typical tomato life cycle may take 5–10 days to germinate, 4–6 weeks after that to reach transplanting size (about 8 inches), and anywhere from 1–2 months to start setting fruit. Pakistan is situated in zone 10, average yield in low in 10 zones. But according to Agriculture University Faisalabad 25 KG target is achievable in Pakistan too. Their new verity yield is recorded 46 kg per SQFT.

While you can cultivate nearly any crop in a hydroponics system, some will give you better results and a higher yield. … Tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers can also result in high yields with hydroponics.

Once fruit has set, these plants continue to produce until the first frost. Indeterminate plants produce more — and often larger — tomatoes than determinate varieties, but fruit production is spread out over a two- to three-month period.

What’s the difference between “indeterminate” and “determinate” tomatoes?

Determinate tomatoes, or “bush” tomatoes, are varieties that grow to a compact height (generally 3 – 4′). Determinates seeds are stop growing when fruit sets on the top bud. All the tomatoes from the plant ripen at approximately the same time (usually over period of 1- 2 weeks). They require a limited amount of staking for support and are perfectly suited for container planting.

Indeterminate tomatoes will grow and produce fruit until killed by frost. They can reach heights of up to 12 feet although 6 feet is normal. Indeterminates will bloom, set new fruit and ripen fruit all at the same time throughout the season. They require substantial staking for support.

SYSTEM FEATURES

ITEMS

DETIALS

ONE ACRE SIZE IS VARY IN DIFFERENT PART OF PAKISTAN semi commercial unit.

210 FT X 210 FT OR 210 FT X 198 FT

SQFT

44100 SQFT

DESIGN

MULTI SPAN 30 FT X 210 FT X 7 SPANS

EQUIPMENT PLACED AREA.

25 X 100 FT

RAIN DRAINAGE SYSTEM

GI GUTTER SYSTEM

GREEN HOUSE STRUCTURE  FOR 60 KMPH WIND

GI PIPE TUBE PILLARS 3” WITH THICKNESS 2MM,ARCH WT 2” WT 2MM, SUPPORT BARS 2” WT 2MM, 25MM WT 2 MM AND 16MM WT 2MM

COVER SHEET, PLOY FLIM OR POLY CARBONATE SHEET

200 MICROON , 5 LAYER or

19’ X 81” AND 6MM POLYCARBONATE SHEET AS PER DEMAND OF AREA & WIND PRESSURE & SNOW WEIGHT

SHEET FAXING

PROFILE AND ZIGZAG WIRE

GREEN SHADE

FR, BOTH AUTOMATIC OR MANUL INSIDE OR OUT SIDE GREEN HOUSE AS DEMAND ALONG WITH SIDE WALLS

CIVIL WORK

CONTREATE SIDE WALLS, TUFF TILES FLOORING OR SAND MUD WITH FABRIC SHEET AS PER LEVEL OF LAND.

DOOR

ALUMIUN SLIDING DOOR

VENTILATION & COOLING SYSTEM  FOR 617400 CFM

COOLING PAD, EXHUAST FAN, CIRCULATING FAN

MESTING & FOGGING, AIR PRUFICATION, INSECT SPARY

IMPORTED SYSTEM

FERTILER INJECTION (FRETIGATION SYSTEM)

FRENCH OR CHINESE DOZING SYSTEM per BLOCKS

WATER CONTROL SYSTEM

AUTOMATIC WATER CONTROLLING SYSTEM  17 ZONES

NUTIRENT WATER DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE TANKS

NUTIRENT WATER DISTRIBUTION AND RECYCLING SYSTEM

WATER PUREFICATION SYSTEM

SCAN FILTER, MUD AND SAND CLEANING SYSTEM

RO PLANTS

TO CONTROL TDS LEVEL OF WATER

Cos SYSTEM AND AIR SYSTEM

OXGEN SYSTEM, AIR SYSTEM

GERMINATION  area required 25×150 FT

19000 PLANTS GERMINATION AREA AND GROWING TRAYS, WATERING SYSTEM AND TABLES OR STANDS, 100 PLANTS FOR CHANGE OF WEAK PLANTS IN SYSTEM.

PLANTS GROWING UNITS/POCKETS IN GUTTER SYSTEM

15860 GROWING UNITS OR POCKETS

DUTCH BUCKET SYSTEM

13440 GROWING UNITS OR POCKETS

 

Flow diagram

Seeding–transplant-production- irrigation—fertigation–harvesting –packing– logistic and sales

Cycle of growth & Harvesting

8-10 month

Vegetable can grow

Tomatoes, Cucumber, Capsicum and strawberry

 

Yields per Green house for each vegetable in zone 10 (Pakistan)?

Cherry Tomato: The average yield in Pakistan is around 15-20KG/sqm;

Truss Tomato): The average yield in Pakistan is around 25-30KG/sqm

Cucumber): The average yield in Pakistan is around 30-35KG/sqm;

Capsicum): The average yield in Pakistan is around 20-25KG/sqm;

2-3 plants are in 1 SQM.

How much water is required greenhouse?

Water consumption is mainly for irrigation and cooling pads.

For irrigation consumption, it is about 7-8L/SQM/day.

For cooling pad, it is about 8.6 Ton/greenhouse/hour

How much Electric city is required in green house?

Each fan consumed 1 unit PH x 19 x 150 units in hot days

Water controlling system 3 units per day

Water pump station: 15 units per day

Ro plant 10 units per day

Fretigation system used 5 units per day.

Mesting, fogging system and air & oxygen pump 5 units per day when required

Per unit is available PKR 13.00

LIGHTING 5 UNIT IN DAY.

 FERTILIZER CONSUMMATION

Mater nutrient NPK 20-20 1 LTR for 100 LTR water

Micro nutrient ½ LTR for 100 gallon

Total fertilizer is required in one time 260 LTR both fertilizer prices in local market PKR 75 LTR.

Potassium is recommend as a fertilizer supplement and lot of phosphorus during flowering, one teaspoons ammonium sulfate during watering.

Phosphoric acid for maintaining of PH level of water 5.8 to 6.3

Will the technology be required to buy seeds every time it will sow vegetables? Or will the technology be self-sufficient in seed production?

Yes, you need to buy the seeds every time for the high yields. It could not be self-sufficient. Sucker can be used for replanting, if clipped them properly or sold to open field farmers.

Does technology use chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers?

Normally no need chemicals, pesticides, and herbicides, but the fertilizers are needed.

If there are insects, then we suggest using the yellow insect sticker inside the greenhouse     

Labour required for 1 acre unit.

One skilled greenhouse manager

Two workers are requiring with normal skill.

Recommend seed for Tomatoes

Indeterminate Heirloom tomato 50-80 LBS (25-40 kg)per plant cycle is 190 days to 210 days can grow also on soil in green house USDA certified pricing is 4-5 $ for 25 seed packets . total required seeds are 17000 mean 3400 USD OR PKR 510,000. Heirloom is high quality seeds (McDONALD and PIZZA HUT consumed heirloom seed products.

Second recommended seeds are LUMA or Diamond from Holland. 1 thousand seeds packet is PKR 4700 mean PKR 79900.00 available in Pakistan Market (August to October)

Third recommended seed is Faisalabad University hybrid seed. According to one report production is 20 to 30 kgs in one cycle.

Cherry tomato is in small size and in different colors red, deep red, yellow, orange or dark purple for snakes and salads 5-7 kg per plant but very expensive like PKR 270 to PKR 400 /kg.

Recommended seed for Capsicum (bell Peppers) are Rainbow (7 colors), Keystone, NON GMO Heirloom Big red bell pepper seed. Market price is 8 USD to 15 USD for 50 seeds 90% germination and highest quality PKR 408000.00

SECOND recommended seed from Holland and 1000 seeds PACKET is available in PKR 6700 mean PKR 113900.00

Highly recommended Cucumber seed is Space master and Bush Champion variety. Burpee bush champion, burpee 66738, burpee 67455 (organic) burpee bush champion slicing cucumber seeds. All variety seed price is between 10 USD to 30 USD per 150 seeds.

Second recommended seed from Holland and 1000 seeds packet is PKR 5400 mean PKR 91800 cost of seed in one acre.

DUA ENTERPRISES is assisting client in SUBA Italian seeds, Canada nutrients, and Thailand fertilizers. All seeds should be Indeterminate.

Climate Control in green house for Tomatoes

 

Lighting

16 to 18 hours mean 12 sunlight and rest of time artificial LED light

PH range

5.8 to 6.3

Temperature in side

65-75 Fahrenheit or 23 OCs

Night time temperature

65 to 65 Fahrenheit  0r 18 OCs

Humidity

80 %

TDS LEVEL OF WATER

LESS THAN 100

PMM LEVEL

 

Germination days

14 to 28 days

Indeteminate seed cycle

210 to 240 days

Climate Control in green house for Cucumber

 

Germination TEMP

70-85 Fahrenheit

Germination time

3-10 days

Growing TEMP

70-80 Fahrenheit

Distance between plant (Depend on variety)

2-3 FT

Sun light

12-14 hours

Water PH level

5.0-6.0

 Special Food Supplement

Dyna-Gro liquid bloom during flowering or general hydroponic Flora series

Ready for harvesting

50-70 days

TDS-EC level

 

PMM level

 

 

Climate Control in green house for Capsicum (low tech system)

 

Germination

7-14 days using heating pad

Growing TEMP

65-75 Fahrenheit

Spacing between plant to plant

18-24 inches

Lighting

14-18 hours

Growing time

14 to 18 weeks

Special Food supplement

3 MOL of nitrogen, Dyna-gro liquid bloom

Water PH level + Oxygenated water

5.5-6.5

Harvesting

50-80 days

TDS –EC

 

PMM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESTIMATION PRODUCTION PER ACRE

Items

Number of plants

PRO in kg /year

In Tons

Cherry tomato

The average yield in Pakistan is around 15-20KG/sqm;

15860 /3= 5286

105733 KGS

105 TONS

TRUSS Tomato

The average yield in Pakistan is around 25-30KG/sqm

15860/3= 5286

158580 KGS

159 TONS

Capsicum

The average yield in Pakistan is around 20-25KG/sqm;

15860/3= 5286

132150 KGS

133 TONS

Cucumber

The average yield in Pakistan is around 30-35KG/sqm;

15860/2= 7930

277550 KGS

278 TONS

 

Average pricing in market

Cherry Tomato cultivation in Rabi season

Prices

August – November

 PKR 170/KG

November to February

PKR 100/KG

February – May

PKR 150/ KG

May – August

PKR 150/KG

Average price

PKR 142/KG

Truss Tomato in Rabi season

 

August- November

PKR 50/KG

November – February

PKR 90/KG

February – May

PKR 120/KG

May– August

PKR 60/KG

Average price

PKR 80/ KG

CUCUMBER in Kharif season

 

August- November

PKR 70/KG

November – February

PKR 80/KG

February – May

PKR 50/KG

May – August

PKR 60/KG

Average price

PKR 65/KG

Capsicum

 

August – November

PKR 12O/KG

November – February

PKR 110/KG

February – May

PKR 120/KG

May – August

PKR 110/KG

AVERAGE

PKR 115/-

AVERAGE COLOR CAPSICUM

PKR 280/ KG

ESTIMATED SALES BASED ON ABOVE AVERAGE PRICE

5 % WASTAGE

ITEMS

PER KGS

PRODUCTION

SALE

CHERRY TOMATO

142/KGS

100446 KGS

14,263,381.00

TRUSS TOMATO

80/KGS

150580 KGS

12,046,400.00

CAPSICUM

115/KGS

263672 KGS

30,322,337.00

CUCUMBER

65/KGS

125542 KGS

8,160,262.00

  • PROJECTED SALES ARE MORE THAN 9 ACRE CONVENTIONAL SALES PKR 10,302,790 (ESTIMATED BY SMEDA PRE FEASIBILITY PAPER)
  • MORE PRODUCTION IN NUMBERS 35580 KG AS COMPARED TO 9 ACRE PROJECTION.

 

EXPENDITURE IN YEAR

ONE ACRE HYDROPONIC UNIT

DAILY

MONTHLY

YEARLY

SEED CHERRY TOMATO  8 month cycle

   

89900.00

SEED TRUSS TOMOTO 8 month cycle

   

79900.00

SEED CAPSICUM 7 month cycle

   

113900.00

SEED CUCUMBER 7 month cycle

   

91800.00

FERTILIZER MASTER & MACRIO NUTIRENT  PKR 75/LTR +75/LTR

1311.00

39,000.00

468,000.00

SUPPLIMENTS TOMATOES

 

1875.00

22500.00

SUPPLIMENT CAPSICUM

 

750.00

34000.00

SUPPLIMENT FOR CUCUMBER

 

1500.00

45000.00

ELECTRIC CITY PKR 13/UNIT

1600.00

48000.00

576,000.00

WATER 7000 GALLON (RECYCLE)

366.00

7333.00

87999.00

LABOUR 1+2

1633.00

49000.00

588,000.00

PACKAGING

8 times

10,000

120,000.00

TRANSPORTATION 8000X 12

8 times

 

96000.00

TOTAL TOMATOES

   

2,048,399.00

TOTAL CAPSICUM

   

1,899,900.00

TOTAL CUCUMBER

   

1,976,799.00

 

     

CONSTRUCTION COST OF PROJECT:

CONSTRUCTION COST

 

 

Skelton 3” WT 2MM, ARCH 2” WT 2MM, SUPPORT BARS 25MM WT 2MM 16 MM WT 2MM (multi span)

4,298,899.00

 

COVERSHEET 200 MICROON

1050,000.00

 

PROFILE AND ZIGZAG WIRE

275,700.00

5,623,899.00

WATER SYSTEM

   

WATER FILTRATION AND RO PLANT

733,500.00

 

WATER CONTROLLING SYSTEM  AND WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND STORAGE (AUTOMATIC)

997,000.00

1,730,500.00

FERTILIZER DOZING SYSTEM WITH TANKS (AUTOMATIC)

906,250.00

 

NPK Analyzer

1,689,000.00

2,595,250.00

MISTING AND FOGGING SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC)

   

LOCAL OR CHINESE

235,000.00

 

COOLING AND VENTILATION SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC)

   

COOLING PADS, EXHUAST FAN, CIRCULATING FAN, HUMIDITY CONTROLING SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC )

1,770,300.00

 

TEMP & CONTROLING SYSTEM

279,840.00

2,285,140.00

OXYGEN SYSTEM AND AIRPUREFICATION SYSTEM

179,000.00

 

Co2 system

235,000.00

414,000.00

SHADING

   

SHADING MAUAL OPERATED

495,000.00

495,000.00

GROWING SYSTEM

   

GUTTER SYSTEM WITH AUTOMATIC DRAINAGE SYSTEM

2,950,000.00

2,950,000.00

GERMINATION AREA 25’ X 150’

   

GERMINATION AUTOMATIC WATERING SYSTEM AND TABLES OR STANDS

425,000.00

425,000.00

ELECTRIC SYSTEM

   

ELECTRIC PANNEL, WIRING

420,000.00

420,000.00

HANG CLIPS & GI WIRE

325,000

325,000.00

CIVIL WORK  PKR 45 FT X 44100 SQFT

475,000.00

 

Flooring fabric

475,000.00

 

GI WIRE

29,400.00

979,400.00

MISC

100,000.00

100,000.00

LABOUR COST

450,000.00

450,000.00

TOTAL:

 

22,168,889.00

EXCHANGE RATE 1 USD = PKR 156

 

142,108.00 US$

SERVICES CHARGES 6 % OF TOTAL COST

 

1,330,133.00

 

   
  • ABOVE CACULATION BASED USD 1= PKR 156, USD FLECTION MIGHT BE MINUS – PLUS IN COST
  • ALL GOVT DUTIES AND TAXES WILL ADD-UP ACCORDINGLY
  • 75 ADVANCE 15 % AND 10 % ON COMPLETION OF JOB
  • ALL BANK CHARGES ALSO WILL ADDED UP IN COST.

REPLACMENT OF EQUIPMENT

DESCRIPTION

DETAILS

REPLACMENT OF COVER SHEET IN YEARS

4

REPLACMENT OF COCO PEAT BAGS

5

REPLACMENT OF COOLING PADS

5

 

PROJECT FINANCING

Description

DETAILS

Total project financing

PKR 22,168,889.00

Running finance

PKR 2048399.00

Owner equity

50 %

Bank equity if bank is involved

50 %

Markup

Interest rate Agri bank 6 % interest rate % 12.50

Tenure is payback (years )

5

PROJECT ECONOMICS

DESCRIPTION

DETAILS

INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN (IRR)

32 %

PAYBACK PERIOD (Yrs)

2.2

NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV) Rs.

68,285,727.00

The above tables shows internal rate of return, payback period and net present value. Return on investment and its profitability are highly dependent on the entrepreneur having some practical knowledge about agriculture, framing, technology know how, operational capacity of staff and market knowledge. Selection of high quality seeds, fertilizer, supplements and vegetables cultivation.

KEY ASSUSPTIONS

DESCRITION (Operating cost assumption)

DETAILS

Administration benefits expenses

05% of admin expense

Communication expenses

 

21,000 annual expense

Travelling expense

35,000 annual expense

Promotional expense on social media

75,000

Professional fees (legal, audit, consultant)

05% of revenue

Deprecation

5 %

Office expenses

40,000

Office vehicles insurance rate

10%

Depreciation on green house and equipment’s

33 %

Depreciation of vehicle

20 %

Operating costs growth rate

5 %

Accounts receivable cycle

25 days

Raw material inventory

06 months

Amortization of pre operating expenses

05 years

Description of production cost assumption

Details

Cost of goods sold growth rates

 10 %

Operating cost growth rate

5 %

Vegetable market expense

10 %

Farm to market trip cost

PKR8000x 12= 96000 per trip load 14 tons

No of trips 12

Description of Revenue assumption

 

Sales prices growth rate

10 %

Production capacity utilization (1-10)

100 %

Days operation

210-240 days

Financial assumptions

 

Project life

10 %

Structure grantees

20-25 year

Debt

50 %

Equity 

50 %

Interest rate on debt

20 %

Debt tenure

5

Debt payment years

1