CANNABIS (MARIJUANA)

INDUSTRIAL CANNABIS GROWTH SYSTEM

DUA ENTERPRISES

 

Brief of Cannabis Growth in Hydroponics system

Marijuana growing is highly scientific and it needs expertise. Cannabis plants can be grown both outdoors and indoors. Indoor growing basically means that the plants have to grow inside with controlled light, air and fans. All these controlled conditions along with specialized watering conditions and equipment are employed so as to create the most optimum growing conditions. The advantage of indoor growing is that the plants which are sensitive to weather changes and plant diseases can be better taken care of to get the highest possible yields (Under roles and regulation)

Hydroponic marijuana refers to a means of growing using a soilless hydroponic system. In other words, the cultivation of plants using an inert growing medium and nutrient-rich solutions. Previously, Growing cannabis hydroponically has become an increasingly popular method because of the issues associated with using soil. It is a much better option for indoor growers who face the following problems when growing weed ‘traditionally’ using soil:

  • A constant need to monitor the pH of the soil
  • Ascertaining the correct level of nutrients is hard
  • There is always a potential problem with pests
  • You might not be able to recycle the soil you use
  • You have to choose the best soil because its quality dictates the size and potency of your final product.

The Pros & Cons of Hydroponics

Pros

  • It allows for higher yieldsfrom smaller growth areas.
  • Almost total control over the growing process, which typically means better quality cannabis.
  • Weed grown using hydroponics matures faster, and experienced growers can complete six crops in a single year.
  • As there is no soil involved, you don’t have to worry about a myriad of pests, which means no need to use pesticides.
  • Assuming you monitor everything correctly, there is a lower risk of water stress than with crops grown in soil.
  • As you have full control, you can even tailor feeding schedules to the needs of a specific plant.

Cons

  • You won’t get your hands on a decent quality system for mere coinages. If you are a recreational grower, this kind of system is probably more trouble than it’s worth financially.
  • Although you reduce exposure to disease, there is a unique danger associated with waterborne plant diseases. They spread incredibly quickly and are extremely difficult to remove.
  • Barring the Wick and DWC systems, it is a complicated process that requires knowledge and patience.

PROPOSED SYSTEMS

Ebb & Flow

This is different from several hydroponics systems because it does not involve the continuous submersion of the roots in water. It works similarly to an ocean tide, as it fills a tray with oxygenated water and treats the plants and growing medium. When it is full, the pump switches off, and the solution drains back down into the reservoir. It stays there until you are ready to flood the garden again. This system is minimize disease attack.

Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)

NFT is a complex system and involves pumping your water solution from the reservoir to your planting tube. It is common to use large PVC tubing angled at a slight decline. This tactic ensures that, when the water drains down the pipe, it passes by the roots of all marijuana plants before it gets recycled in the container.

One of the most significant problems with this system is that the water solution could fail to leave the tube, stagnate in the channel, and kill your plants. This is why you need to make sure the tube is cut at a steep enough angle to allow for easy passage of the water.

Drip Irrigation

This is a popular commercial option because it saves a lot of water.  Need to place small droppers beside the roots of the plant, which are in pots containing the growing medium. Little Drops of this nutrient system drip out regularly and feed the plant. It offers a low level of evaporation, and, as it is silent, it is perfect for a clandestine operation to keep your grow area protected from thieves.

HYDROPONICS OPERTION

FOR proper hydroponics system require a significant amount of equipment. Farmer can, of course, choose a simple system to minimize what they need, but for the best results, it is worth investing in measuring instruments.

PH Meter: In general, most marijuana strains grow best hydroponically with a pH level of 6.0. With a pH meter, measure nutrient solution’s pH daily to keep it at an optimal level.

PPM-EC Meter: This measures the water’s electrical conductivity, which is higher when more minerals are dissolved in the water. With this meter, can be prevent under- or overfeeding.

PPM-TDS: This is a more sophisticated meter that measures the amount of plant food in the water. If you want an accurate PPM measurement, measure your water’s PPM level, add nutrients, and measure again.

Overall, system should keep the pH level between 5.8 and 6.3, although system will get away with a range of 5.5 – 6.5. As for PPM, make sure the range is between 900 and 2800 depending on your marijuana’s growth phase.

 ‘Plug and play’ hydroponic systems that provide everything is required to get started.

Growing Medium: Coco coir, Perlite, Vermiculite, Rockwool, Coconut Fiber.

Sterile Equipment: Sterilized the all using equipment /and clean at the very beginning. All tanks, reservoirs, filters, pipes, and other equipment must be sterile to prevent the development and spread of bacteria. Although hydroponic systems are less susceptible to diseases, they will run rampant if left unattended. It is a good idea to have multiple bottles of hydrogen peroxide and isopropyl alcohol on hand to disinfect your equipment.

Water PH: Make sure that pH neutral water at 7.0 is circulating through your hydroponics system. You can create a reverse osmosis (RO) method to generate and provide pH neutral water. Alternatively, purchase distilled water until you’re able to develop the RO system.

Temperature Considerations: It is best if the water flowing through your system is at a temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the ideal temperature for nutrient absorption, and it also prevents algae buildup. As for your growing room’s temperature, keep it at 75 degrees Fahrenheit, to begin with.

Humidity: Maintaining of the right humidity levels is a constant challenge. You have to begin with relatively high humidity and dial it down as your plants grow. As seedlings and in the vegetative state, keep the moisture in the 60-70% range. Reduce by up To 5% weekly until it is at around 40% during the blooming stage. You may need to purchase a humidifier and a dehumidifier to achieve these targets.

Lighting: There is no ‘right’ lighting setup, only the best one for your grow space and budget. For example, if you have a large room with excellent ventilation and airflow, you can purchase High-Intensity Discharge (HID) lights. Growing Light Emitting Diode (LED) fixtures or Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFLs) depend on modest budget. Overall, sufficient amount of light between 400 and 700 nanometers.

Airflow: Good airflow helps keep temperatures at the right level. Placement of Fan strategically in growing area is most significant.

Hydroponics Nutrients: With a hydroponics setup, plant nutrient is important, in case of wrong calculation of nutrient plants will die or produce a small and unsatisfying yield. On the plus side, a hydroponic system ensures that your marijuana plants’ roots easily find nutrients and don’t waste energy looking for them.

All hydroponic systems must provide oxygen, water, and a host of nutrients to marijuana plants. Nutrients include: Nitrogen,Phosphorus,Potassium,Calcium,Magnesium,Sulfur,Iron,Chlorine,Manganese

Boron, Zinc, Copper

Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium are the essential nutrients, however. Most solutions contain 15% of each, also known as a 15-15-15 solution. At growing weed in temperatures below 80 degrees Fahrenheit, need higher amounts of nitrogen. Other possible solutions include 20-20-20 or 23-19-17.

During the flowering process, increase the level of potassium so that it comprises at least 20% of a solution. Be wary when fertilizing the plants, because too much kills them while too little slows growth. When your reservoir’s water level gets low, add three-day-old tap water. It is also a good idea to change the nutrient solution every two weeks and use hot water to clean out all the equipment you use, especially the pumps and reservoir.

 

 

PPM & EC Considerations

It is common for nutrient solutions to be deficient in magnesium. If this is the case, use Epsom salts. Depending on your crop’s growth stage, it is necessary to adjust nutrient levels to optimize growth. It is also important to change your solution regularly to avoid nutrient deficiencies. When checking the pH, be especially wary of it becoming more acidic because of cationic exchange.

You should be easily able to find nutrients for your hydro growing system. They tend to come in a pre-mixed liquid or powder form. The powder is less expensive, but liquids mix with water more efficiently and are ideal when growing smaller crops.

When adding nutrients to your marijuana plants, take pH and EC (electrical conductivity) readings. The EC rating measures mineral content, the more minerals there are, the higher the EC reading. Typically, an EC rating of 0.8 – 2.0 is apt for growing weed. Similarly younger plants require more nutrients than a flowering plant.  PPM should be ‘500’ and ‘700’ scales. Multiply the EC rating by either 500 or 700, depending on the measurement. For instance, with the 700 scale, an EC reading of 1.5 converts to 1050 PPM (700 x 1.5), but it would be 750 PPM with the 500 scale (500 x 1.5).

As mentioned earlier, the ideal PPM depends on the growth stage.

Seedlings: 100 – 250

Early Vegetative Stage: 300 – 400

Late Vegetative State: 450 – 700

Early Blooming Stage: 750 – 950

Full Bloom: 1,000 – 1,600

 

CANNABIS MEDICALLY USAGE

Medical marijuana uses the marijuana plant or chemicals in it to treat diseases or conditions. It’s basically the same product as recreational marijuana, but it’s taken for medical purposes.

The marijuana plant contains more than 100 different chemicals called cannabinoids. Each one has a different effect on the body. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the main chemicals used in medicine. THC also produces the “high” people feel when they smoke marijuana or eat foods containing it.

Researchers are studying whether medical marijuana can help treat a number of conditions including:

Cannabinoids — the active chemicals in medical marijuana — are similar to chemicals the body makes that are involved in appetite, memory, movement, and pain.

Limited research suggests cannabinoids might:

  • Control nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy
  • Kill cancer cells and slow tumor growth
  • Relax tight muscles in people with MS
  • Stimulate appetite and improve weight gain in people with cancer and AIDS

Medical marijuana received a lot of attention a few years ago when parents said that a special form of the drug helped control seizures in their children.  Recently Epidiolex, which is made from CBD, as a therapy for people with very severe or hard-to-treat seizures, the Researcher has approved two man-made cannabinoid medicines — dronabinol (MarinolSyndros) and nabilone (Cesamet) — to treat nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy.

Side effects that have been reported include:

The drug can also affect judgment and coordination, which could lead to accidents and injuries. When used during the teenage years when the brain is still developing, marijuana might affect IQ and mental function.

Medical marijuana is made of dried parts of the Cannabis sativa plant. Humans have turned to it as an herbal remedy for centuries, and today people use it to relieve symptoms or treat various diseases. The federal government still considers it illegal issues, but If Government of Pakistan is allowed it to treat specific health problems.

 

Marijuana has chemicals called cannabinoids. Medical researchers usually focus on the health effects of two in particular: delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is the substance that makes you high; CBD doesn’t have mind-altering effects.

The chemicals in marijuana affect Human body when they connect with specific parts of cells called receptors. Scientists know that Human body have cells with cannabinoid receptors in your brain and in your immune system. But the exact process of how the drug affects them isn’t clear yet. But human might be allowed to use it if you have Alzheimer’s, ALS, cancer, Crohn’s disease, epilepsy, seizures, hepatitis C, AIDS, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis, posttraumatic stress disorder, chronic pain, or severe nausea. But scientists aren’t sure that it helps all of these conditions. The research is most clear that it works as a painkiller, to stop vomiting during chemotherapy, to relieve some MS symptoms, and to treat a few rare forms of epilepsy. Human might take a synthetic cannabinoid, either dronabinol or nabilone. Dronabinol also can help boost appetite for people with AIDS. The Government can be approved cannabidiol (Epidolex) as a treatment for two rare kinds of epilepsy. Doctors don’t know much about the addiction risk for people who use the drug for medical reasons, and it needs more study. But people who use marijuana to get high can go on to have substance misuse issues. The most common problem is dependence. If people is dependent, they’ll feel withdrawal symptoms if you stop using. If people are addicted — a more severe problem — you’re unable to go without the drug.

With that being said, a good rule of thumb to determine your proper CBD dosage is to take 1–6MG of CBD for every 10 pounds of body weight based on the individual’s level of pain. For example, 20MG-33MG would be a great starting dosage for a 200 lb patient, while 15MG-25MG would be best for another who weighs 150 lb.

 

 

CANNABIS INDUSTRIAL USAGE OF FIBRES

Hemp (Cannabis SATIVA L.) can be used for bio-composites, textile and many other industrial applications, two principle large group of different varieties of Cannabis SATIVA the drug type and the fibre type.

Fibres are obtained by subjecting the stalks to a series of operations—including retting, drying, and crushing—and a shaking process that completes separation from the woody portion, releasing the long, fairly straight fibre, or line. The fibre strands, usually over 1.8 metres (5.8 feet) long, are made of individual cylindrical cells with an irregular surface.

The fibre, longer and less flexible than flax, is usually yellowish, greenish, or a dark brown or gray and, because it is not easily bleached to sufficiently light shades, is rarely dyed. It is strong and durable and is used for cordage—e.g., twine, yarn, rope, cable, and string—and for artificial sponges and such coarse fabrics as sacking (burlap) and canvas. In Italy some hemp receives special processing, producing whitish color and attractive luster, and is used to make fabric similar to linen. Hemp fibre is also used to make bio-plastics that can be recyclable and biodegradable, depending on the formulation.

Pakistan industry largely importing Cannabis Fibres from Afghanistan.

 

CANNABIS USED IN PAKISTAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

The Federal Cabinet has approved licenses for the first medical and industrial use of cannabis. Following the federal cabinet’s approval, seized drugs will now be used to manufacture medicines instead of burning them. The hemp will be cultivated on a 50-acre area at Jehlum’s Herbal Medicine Park. The landmark decision will help Pakistan to generate billions of dollars from the CBD market.” Despite the announcement Medical usage of Cannabis, but there is no pharmaceutical, and no industrial usage is witness in Pakistan. One of Australian and HEMP NUTRACEUTICAL firm CRESO Pharms products are expected to enter in Pakistan market with collaboration of local industry. They intend to introduce Q3 products and anticipated to cater the Central Asia, Balkan states, Middle East, Asian Market, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Maldives, Myanmar, Philippines, and Vietnam. CRESO Pharms has recently introduce first set of CBD HEMP TEA under brand name CANNAQIX CBD and CANNAQIX NITE CBD to strengthen immune system as they contain CBD HEMP zinc, elderberry and vitamins.

Pakistan plans to import a specific variety of cannabis seeds to begin research on its industrial and medical use to tap into the $25 billion cannabidiol (CBD) market, and awarded first license for non-psychoactive hemp. He expects the hemp market to generate $1 billion in revenue for Pakistan in next three years, when research, cultivation, production, and exports for medical and industrial purposes are underway. “To achieve the objective of generating $1 billion from this, we need to create premium products from the extracted oil for medicines but also for cosmetics, soaps and shampoos.” (ICCBS Director Dr. Iqbal Chauhdry “The News report”)

“Before the operations, a kilo of HEMP cost around 20,000 rupees ($200). Now it starts from 50,000 ($530) and goes up to 65,000 ($690),” said Khan. Sep 10, 2012.

CBD OIL PRICES in International Market: Quality CBD oil drops cost “between” $0.09 – $0.17 on average, with $0.05 on the low end, and premium oils costing upwards of $20 mg per mg. usually, high-potency oils will be less expensive per mg than low-potency extracts, although the bottle itself will cost more in total. The average price for premium CBD e-liquid is typically around $0.10 per milligram. How much do CBD oil tinctures cost? Similar to CBD vape juice, CBD oil tinctures can range from $0.4 per mg up to $0.20 cents. On average, the higher quality CBD oils generally go for around $0.12 per mg.

The cost for Epidiolex oral liquid (100 mg/mL) is around $1,377 for a supply of 100 milliliters. Similarly One of American pharmaceutical   GW PHARMACEUTICAL charged per Epilepsy patient USD 32,500 annually.  CBD based Epilepsy drug price in USA and Europe is 12 to 15 USD/tablets as compare to India cost less than 1 USD.

What is the best CBD oil on the market?

 

 Top 10 CBD Oils Best Potency – Spruce.

  • Best Natural Ingredients – NuLeaf Naturals.
  • Best By Reviews – MedTerra.
  • Best For Beginners – Naternal.
  • Best Natural Flavor – Cornbread Hemp.
  • Best Without THC – Sunday Scaries.
  • Best Full Spectrum – Populum.
  • Best Organic Oil – Vital Plan Select

ECONOMICS OF PROPOSED HYDROPONIC CANNABIS GROWTH SYSTEM

PRODUCTION OF CBD OIL profit ratio and planting per acre.

On average, one Cannabis plant can produce approximately one pound of CBD oil. This pound is in the form of crude oil, which can be used on its own or further distilled into a more refined end product. An ounce (30mL) of a 500 mg bottle, in turn, has approximately 16.6 mg of CBD per 1 mL, and a 1000 mg tincture comes with somewhere around 33 mg of CBD in 1 ML.

One acre of Cannabis can yield an average of 700 pounds of grain, which in turn can be pressed into about 22 gallons of oil and 530 pounds of meal. The same acre will also produce an average of 5,300 pounds of straw, which can be transformed into approximately 1,300 pounds of fiber. Different of reports are showing that industrial hemp production may very well bring “between” $40,000 to $50,000 per acre in open field in Canada. When sold by the pound, the average price for hemp seeds has been around $578 per pound since December 2019. Looking at per seed prices, we have seen everything from $0.15 per seed to over $1 per seed, but find that the average cost per unit is around $0.55 for quality genetics. Generally plant 2,600 to 5,800 plants per acre in single rows with 18 to 30 inches between plants in the row on 5.0- to 6.5-foot centers.

Second source of income is Cannabis SATIVA FIBRE prices are international markets PKR 1400 / KG.

The most successful cycle yielded an average of 881 g (31.1 oz) of dry, groomed female flowering head per plant, and overall the whole study the 18 plants yielded a total of 12,360 g (436.0 oz), or an average of 687 g (24.2 oz) of dry head per plant. THC data shows

 

Significant intra-plant variation and also demonstrates inter-varietal variation. THC values for individual plants ranged from 4.3 to 25.2%

IN Hydroponic system and 3 cycle of yield can be proceed. Growing hydroponically yields up to 20% more and 30 to 35 % faster as compare to soil production. Hydroponically Cannabis production is very sensitive so without any error in order to calculate PH level and TDS level and nutrient ratio according to water composition and in time system sterilization. General formula to yield is light Watt system farmer can expect up to 1.2 gram per watt, which means a 600watt HPS lamp can give you 720 grams of marijuana or over 25 ounces & Likewise, a grow room with 1200 watts of light can yield 1.2 kilograms or 42 oz of cannabis and 4 plant per square meter.

 

Annual Target & Consumption Projection

 

Grams

Ounces

Pounds

Target Production
(incl. safety margin)

420

14.8

0.93

Consumption

365

12.9

0.80

Days Spent Growing Corps

Greater than 365: you will not meet your annual target (readjust your target settings or growing scenario).
Exactly 365: you will meet your annual target, growing continuous back-to-back crops for the entire year
Less than 365: you will meet your annual target, growing intermittently with some free time between crops.

When using the yield calculator, keep in mind that an HPS grow light produces around 150 lumens per watt. For the exact amount of lumen that your bulb produces, check with the manufacturer.

 

TOP 10 SEEDS

  1. Northern Lights The yield per plant is about 500 grams per square meter when it is grown indoors under a 600 w light. The flowering time is 7-8 weeks.
  2. Big Bud:are the oldest marijuana seeds that were commercially used. The plant is thick and dense. It gets so loaded with flowers that the branches tend to bow down and touch the ground. It gives a high indoor yield of 650-750 grams per meter square. The aroma is skunky and it gives the user a long lasting high that is hard to miss.
  3. Amnesia Haze: it is genetics can be traced to Jamaican and South Asian strains. The plant grows up to 78 inches in height. After a flowering time of 10-12 weeks, the indoor yield obtained from this plant is more than 650 grams per meter square.
  4. Lowryder: Growth indoors it has many unique characteristics too. It is an auto flowering variety and it is also known as Ganja Dwarf. It flowers immediately after it is planted without requiring specific light or dark conditions. This means you can expect a great yield and it will keep on growing indefinitely.
  5. Jock Horror: The flowering time is 9-11 weeks and the yield per plant is 350-450 grams per meter square. 
  6. Cheese Cannabis Seeds: Cheese seeds can deliver up to 700 grams per square meter of indoor growing space. The effect of these seeds is a classic Sativa high. Thus we can say that Cheese is one of the most reliable and potent indoor growing marijuana strain.
  7. Haze Cannabis Seeds: This slender plant has a flowering time of 10-12 weeks. Haze is mostly known as an indoor and desert plant. Many of the variants of haze are used for experiments in medical marijuana.
  8. OG Kush: The yield per plant of this high THC strain is up to 500 grams per meter square.
  9. White Widow: The THC content of this strain is very high up to 25% and that makes it a perfect choice if you are looking for a great high. It grows best indoors with an average height of 80 CMS. The average yield per plant is 450 grams. Considering an average flowering time of 8 weeks, the yield you can expect is 2000 grams of high quality marijuana. White Widow is one of the most potent marijuana strains available in the market.
  10. Blackberry Kush Seeds: It has very high THC content making the smoking experience a high and stoned one. It produces a smoke that is heavy with a hint of Sativa as an aftertaste. The yield per plant is 500 grams per meter square.

Most recommended seeds in hydroponic system is WHITE WIDOW and Royal Dwarf due to height of plant and production ratio. Production is link up with light watt availability in greenhouse.

 

GUIDELINES FOR NUMBER OF PLANTS UNDER HID LIGHTING

  • 150W HID ÷ 75 = 2 plants
  • 250W HID ÷ 75 = 3.3 or 4 plants
  • 400W HID ÷ 75 = 5.3 or 6 plants
  • 600W HID ÷ 75 = 8 plants
  • 1000W HID ÷ 75 = 13.3 or 14 plants

When using CFLs, divide by 150. For example, using a 400W CFL: 400W ÷ 150 = 2.6 or 3 plants

LED GROW LIGHTS

Modern LEDs output the same power as HPS using only 60% of the energy. Therefore, they cover the same space in less wattage. A good 250W LED is equal to a 400W HPS, which can cover around 5–6 plants. By comparison, a high-powered 1200W LED should be able to cover around 8–9 plants.

However, keep in mind that wattage is only one value to consider when it comes to determining the power of your LEDs, as many other variables—including the type of LED—impact their effectiveness too.

When using LEDs, it is best to consult the manufacturer for the recommended number of plants to grow and the optimal distance from your lights to your plants’ canopy. Reputable manufacturers usually make this type of information available

THE SIZE OF YOUR POTS

Depending on the diameter of your pots, several can fit into one square metre. But the size of your containers doesn’t just impact how many plants can fit per square metre, but also how big the plants will get overall. Said differently: The larger your pots, the bigger your plants will get.

Recommendations for pot sizes:

  • ½ litre:Seedlings and young plants up to ~15cm
    • 2–3 litres: Plant height up to ~25cm
  • 5 litres:Plant height up to 60cm
    • 11 litres and more: Average plant height (check strain description.

TRY TO KEEP YOUR WATER TEMPERATURE / INSIDE TEMPERATURE

Hydroponic cannabis has an ideal temperature of 20°C. This factor can be monitored using a water thermometer and altered using a water heater if the temperatures are too low or usage of cooling system to maintain required Temperature. Take a minute to think about where cannabis comes from originally – Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. It’s warm there, and relatively dry year round, but on average temperatures are mild. These are the conditions cannabis originally evolved to take advantage of, and even through all the centuries of cultivation elsewhere the plant has always retained this taste for a warm, dry growing spot. Typically, growers should aim to keep their cannabis greenhouses around 70 to 80 degrees – not too hot, but warm enough to keep your plants happy. Typically, the heat provided by the sun through your greenhouse covering – combined with the natural heat given off by the plants as a result of the greenhouse effect – should be plenty to keep your plants warm during cold weather.

BRIEF OF PRODUCTION IN DUTCH BUCKET and EBB FLOW system.

DUTCH BUCKET SYSTEM

EBB FLOW SYSTEM

   

Size: 310 x 155 FT or 48050 SQFT

Size : 530 x 155 FT or 82150 SQFT

Plants in one acre: 11322 plants

Plants in Hectare: 35232

Lines: 34 of growing Dutch Buckets

EBB FLOW TABLES: 1468

Seed : Royal Dwarf, White window

Seed: Royal Dwarf, White window

Production: 450 GRM per Square meter

Production: 450 GRM per square Meter

Cycle of production: 3

Cycle of production: 3

Production: 2830 KG x 3=8491 KGS

Production: 5872 x 3 = 17616 KGS

Prices of per KG: 44,200 KG

Price: PKR 44,200/kg

International price : USD 260/-

International Price: USD 260/-

Fibre: 1700 KGS

Fibre: 7500 KGS

Fibre:  PKR1400 / KG

Fibre price: PKR 1400/KG

SEED PRICE: PKR 95/ seed

SEED PRICE: PKR 95/seed

 

DUTCH BUCKET SYSTEM PRODUCTION COST/YEAR

DESCRIPTION

DETAILS

SEEDS 11322 x 2

PKR 3,226,770.00

FERTILIZER (NUTIRENTS) NPK 20,20,20 0R 15X15X15

PKR 3,072,500.00

ELECTRICITY HID

PKR 1,738,000.00

WATER USAGE

PKR 934,499.00

SUPPLIMENT

PKR 786,700.00

AGRICULTURIST

PKR 420,000.00

LABOUR

PKR 432,000.00

PACKING

PKR 978,000.00

TRANSPORTATION

PKR 360,000.00

TOTAL

9,420,004.00

EBB FLOW SYSTEM PRODUCTION COST/YEAR

DESCRIPTION

DETAILS

SEEDS 105696 x 75=

PKR 7,927,200.00

FERTILIZER (NUTIRENTS) NPK 20,20,20 0R 15X15X15 (MICRO & MACRO)

PKR 5,072,500.00

ELECTRICITY HID

PKR 8,738,000.00

WATER USAGE

PKR 1,034,499.00

SUPPLIMENT

PKR 1,786,700.00

AGRICULTURIST

PKR 420,000.00

LABOUR

PKR 432,000.00

PACKING

PKR 1,078,000.00

TRANSPORTATION

PKR 860,000.00

TOTAL

27,348,899.00

 

 

 

REVENUE GENERATION IN YEARS

Description

Production

PRICE

D/B total

EBB FLOW

Production cannabis

8491 KGS

PKR 44,200/kg

375,302,200

 

Fibre

5100 KGS

PKR 1400/kg

7,140,000

 

EBB FLOW

8808 KGS

PKR 44,200/KG

 

389,313,600

FIBRE

22500 KGS

PKR 1400/KG

 

31,500,000

Total

 

 

382,442,200

420,813,600

 

INCOME STATEMENT

Description

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

REVENUE

420,813,600

462,894,960

509,184,456

560,102,901

616,113191

OPERATION

27,348,899

30,083,788

33,092,166

36,401,382

40,041,520

GP

393,464,701

432,811,172

476,092,290

523,701,519

576,071,671

MAR/COM

50,497,632

55,547,395

61,102,134

67,212,348

73,933,582

ADMIN

500,000

550,000

605,000

665,500

732,050

BEFORE/INCOMETAX

337,417,306

376,713,777

414,385,156

455,823,671

501,406,039

INCOME TAX

57,360,942

64,041,342

70,445,476

77,490,024

85,239,026

LAND TAX

67,500

67,500

67,500

67,500

67,500

NET PROFIT

279,988,864

312,604,935

343,872,180

378,266,147

416,099,513

BANK LOAN

         

SHARE

         

NET INCOME

279,988,864

312,604,935

343,872,180

378,266,147

416,099,513

 

 

SALIENT FEATURES OF HYDROPONIC GREEN HOUSE PROJECT 530×155 EBB FLOW

 

ITEMS

DETIALS

ONE ACRE SIZE IS VARY IN DIFFERENT PART OF PAKISTAN semi commercial unit.

155 FT X 530 FT

SQFT

82150 SQFT

DESIGN

MULTI SPAN 30 FT X 530 FT X 17 SPANS

EQUIPMENT & GERMINATION AREA.

25 X 155 FT

RAIN DRAINAGE SYSTEM

GI GUTTER SYSTEM

GREEN HOUSE STRUCTURE  FOR 60 KMPH WIND

GI PIPE TUBE PILLARS 3” WITH THICKNESS 2MM,ARCH WT 2” WT 2MM, SUPPORT BARS 2” WT 2MM, 25MM WT 2 MM AND 16MM WT 2MM

COVER SHEET, PLOY FLIM OR POLY CARBONATE SHEET

200 MICROON , 5 LAYER

19’ X 81” AND 6MM POLYCARBONATE SHEET AS PER DEMAND OF AREA & WIND PRESSURE & SNOW WEIGHT

SHEET FAXING

PROFILE AND ZIGZAG WIRE

GREEN SHADE

FR, BOTH AUTOMATIC OR MANUL INSIDE OR OUT SIDE GREEN HOUSE AS DEMAND ALONG WITH SIDE WALLS

CIVIL WORK

CONTREATE SIDE WALLS, TUFF TILES FLOORING OR SAND MUD WITH FABRIC SHEET AS PER LEVEL OF LAND.

DOOR

ALUMIUN SLIDING DOOR

VENTILATION & COOLING SYSTEM  FOR 617400 CFM

COOLING PAD, EXHUAST FAN, CIRCULATING FAN

MESTING & FOGGING, AIR PRUFICATION, INSECT SPARY

IMPORTED SYSTEM

FERTILER INJECTION (FRETIGATION SYSTEM)

FRENCH OR CHINESE DOZING SYSTEM per BLOCKS

WATER CONTROL SYSTEM

AUTOMATIC WATER CONTROLLING SYSTEM  27 ZONES

NUTIRENT WATER DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE TANKS

NUTIRENT WATER DISTRIBUTION AND RECYCLING SYSTEM

WATER PUREFICATION SYSTEM

SCAN FILTER, MUD AND SAND CLEANING SYSTEM

RO PLANTS

TO CONTROL TDS LEVEL OF WATER

Cos SYSTEM AND AIR SYSTEM

OXGEN SYSTEM, AIR SYSTEM

GERMINATION  area required 50×155 FT

35232 PLANTS GERMINATION AREA AND GROWING TRAYS, WATERING SYSTEM AND TABLES OR STANDS, 100 PLANTS FOR CHANGE OF WEAK PLANTS IN SYSTEM.

PLANTS GROWING UNITS/POCKETS IN GUTTER SYSTEM

35232 GROWING UNITS OR POCKETS

POTS

1.6 LTR

DUTCH BUCKET SYSTEM

1468 GROWIN ROLLING TABLE

ALUMINIUM INFRASTRUCTER

MOVEMENT OF TABLES

EOT CRANE SYSTEM

TABLE MOVEMENT

DUTCH BUCKET SYSTEM

11322 D/B

HEATING SYSTEM

WINTER HEATING SYSTEM

COOLING SYSTEM

SUMMER COOLING SYSTEM

 

CONSTRUCTION COST OF PROJECT: Dutch Bucket

CONSTRUCTION COST

 

 

Skelton 3” WT 2MM, ARCH 2” WT 2MM, SUPPORT BARS 25MM WT 2MM 16 MM WT 2MM (multi span)

4,998,899.00

 

COVERSHEET 200 MICROON

950,000.00

 

PROFILE AND ZIG ZAG WIRE

816,999.00

6,765,890.00

WATER SYSTEM

   

WATER FILTRATION AND RO PLANT 10 CBF

1,175,500.00

 

WATER CONTROLLING SYSTEM  AND WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND STORAGE (AUTOMATIC)

1,987,000.00

3,162,500.00

FERTILIZER DOZING SYSTEM WITH TANKS (AUTOMATIC)

1706,250.00

 

NPK ADJUSTER

1,760,600.00

1,760,600.00

RECYCLING OF NUTIRENT WATER

1,760,875.00

2,760,875.00

MISTING AND FOGGING SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC)

   

LOCAL OR CHINESE

1,165,000.00

1,165,000.00

COOLING AND VENTILATION SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC)

   

COOLING PADS, EXHUAST FAN, CIRCULATING FAN, HUMIDITY CONTROLING SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC )

1,770,300.00

 

AIR SYSTEM

884,800.00

2,655,100.00

OXYGEN SYSTEM AND AIRPUREFICATION SYSTEM

579,000.00

579,000.00

SHADING

   

SHADING MAUAL OPERATED

295,000.00

 

ALUMINUM SHADING ON TOP

865,899.00

1,160,899.00

GROWING SYSTEM

   

DUTCH BUCKET SYSTEM

13,801,501.00

13,801,501.00

GERMINATION AREA 25’ X 150’

   

GERMINATION AUTOMATIC WATERING SYSTEM AND TABLES OR STANDS

925,000.00

925,000.00

ELECTRIC SYSTEM

   

LED GROWING LIGHTS

15,593,561.00

15,593,561.00

ELECTRIC PANNEL, WIRING

620,000.00

620,000.00

HANG CLIPS & GI WIRE

725,000.00

725,000.00

GROUND COVER

969,000.00

969,000.00

CIVIL WORK  PKR 45 FT X 44100 SQFT

1,284,500.00

1,284,500.00

CO2 SYSTEM

987,655.00

987,655.00

HEATING SYSTEM

1,632,000.00

1,632,000.00

COOLING SYSTEM

3,032,000.00

3,032,000.00

MISC

100,000.00

100,000.00

LABOUR COST

950,000.00

950,000.00

TOTAL:

 

58,903,576.00

EXCHANGE RATE 1 USD = PKR 15O

   

SERVICES CHARGES 6 % OF TOTAL COST

 

3,534,214.00

LIGHTING AS PER PHYSICAL VISIT

   

RO PLANT AFTER THE REPORT OF WATER

   

CONSTRUCTION COST OF PROJECT: EBB FLOW SYSTEM

CONSTRUCTION COST

 

 

Skelton 3” WT 2MM, ARCH 2” WT 2MM, SUPPORT BARS 25MM WT 2MM 16 MM WT 2MM (multi span)

24,998,899.00

 

COVERSHEET 200 MICROON

4950,000.00

 

PROFILE AND ZIG ZAG WIRE

3816,999.00

33,765,890.00

WATER SYSTEM

   

WATER FILTRATION AND RO PLANT 10 CBF

1,175,500.00

 

WATER CONTROLLING SYSTEM  AND WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND STORAGE (AUTOMATIC)

2,987,000.00

4,162,500.00

FERTILIZER DOZING SYSTEM WITH TANKS (AUTOMATIC)

1706,250.00

 

NPK ADJUSTER

1,760,600.00

1,760,600.00

RECYCLING OF NUTIRENT WATER

1,760,875.00

2,760,875.00

MISTING AND FOGGING SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC)

   

LOCAL OR CHINESE

2,165,000.00

2,165,000.00

COOLING AND VENTILATION SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC)

   

COOLING PADS, EXHUAST FAN, CIRCULATING FAN, HUMIDITY CONTROLING SYSTEM (AUTOMATIC )

3,289,941.00

 

AIR SYSTEM

1,884,800.00

5,174,741.00

OXYGEN SYSTEM AND AIRPUREFICATION SYSTEM

1,579,000.00

1,579,000.00

SHADING

   

SHADING MAUAL OPERATED

295,000.00

 

ALUMINUM SHADING ON TOP

1,865,899.00

2,160,899.00

GROWING SYSTEM

   

EBB FLOW TABLE, MOVABLE SYSTEM

57,086,850.00

 

MOVE ABLE SYSTEM ALUMINUM

5,049,720.00

62,136,570.00

GERMINATION AREA 25’ X 150’

   

GERMINATION AUTOMATIC WATERING SYSTEM AND TABLES OR STANDS

1,925,000.00

1,925,000.00

ELECTRIC SYSTEM

   

LED GROWING LIGHTS

32,298,749.00

32,298,749.00

TOP FIXING SYSTEM OF LIGHTS

567,800.00

567,800.00

ELECTRIC PANNEL, WIRING

1,820,000.00

1,820,000.00

HANG CLIPS & GI WIRE

1,725,000.00

1,725,000.00

GROUND COVER

1,969,000.00

1,969,000.00

CIVIL WORK  PKR 45 FT X 44100 SQFT

2,284,500.00

2,284,500.00

CO2 SYSTEM

1,487,655.00

1,487,655.00

HEATING SYSTEM

2,632,000.00

2,632,000.00

COOLING SYSTEM

9,032,000.00

9,032,000.00

MISC

500,000.00

50,000.00

LABOUR COST

1,450,000.00

1,450,000.00

TOTAL:

 

172,303,162.00

EXCHANGE RATE 1 USD = PKR 15O

   

SERVICES CHARGES 6 % OF TOTAL COST

 

10,338,189.00

LIGHTING AS PER PHYSICAL VISIT

   

RO PLANT AFTER THE REPORT OF WATER

   

TERM AND CONDITION

  • ABOVE CACULATION BASED USD 1= PKR 165, USD FLECTION MIGHT BE MINUS – PLUS IN COST
  • ALL GOVT DUTIES AND TAXES WILL ADD-UP ACCORDINGLY.
  • ALL BANKING CHARGES WILL BE ADD –UP IN QUOTATION
  • DUTY AND TAXES ADD IN PRICE, BUT FREIGHT AND TRANSPORTATION AT ACTUAL
  • DELAY IN PAYMENT ,COMPANSION 10 % WILL BE ADD UP IN FINAL INVOICE
  • CIVIL WORK AS PER AREA CONDITION, IF LAND GRIP IS LOW AND DEEP FOUNDATION ARE REQUIRED THAN EXTRA MATERIAL/LABOUR COST WILL BE ADD-UP.
  • ALL DESPITUTE WILL SETTLE AS PER GOVERNMENT LAW IN LAHORE COURT JURISDICTION.

CLIENT RESPONSIBILTY.

  • LAND INDICATION
  • WATER SOURCE UP TO SITE
  • ELECTRIC SOURCE UPTO SITE
  • CONTRACT SIGN WITH DUA ENTERPRISES.

REPLACMENT OF EQUIPMENT

DESCRIPTION

DETAILS

REPLACMENT OF COVER SHEET IN YEARS

4 YEARS

REPLACMENT OF COCO PEAT BAGS

5 YEARS

REPLACMENT OF COOLING PADS

5 YEARS

REPLACEMENT OF D/B

10 YEARS

PROJECT FINANCING

Description

DETAILS

Total project financing

PKR 172,303,162.00

Running finance

PKR 27,348,899.00

REVENUE

PKR 420,813,600

Owner equity

50 %

Bank equity if bank is involved

50 %

Markup

Interest rate Agri bank 7 % bank service charges 6 %  total13.50 approx.

Tenure is payback (years )

1

 

 

PROJECT ECONOMICS

DESCRIPTION

DETAILS

INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN (IRR)

32 %

PAYBACK PERIOD (Yrs)

1

NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV) Rs.

 

The above tables shows internal rate of return, payback period and net present value. Return on investment and its profitability are highly dependent on the entrepreneur having some practical knowledge about agriculture, framing, technology know how, operational capacity of staff and market knowledge. Selection of high quality seeds, fertilizer, supplements and vegetables cultivation.

 

KEY ASSUSPTIONS

DESCRITION (Operating cost assumption)

DETAILS

INCOME TAX above on 3,000,000

17 %

Land tax on one acre

PKR 22500

Administration benefits expenses

10 % of admin expense

REVENUE

10 %

EXPENDITURE INCREASE

10 %

MARKET COMMSSION

12 %

Communication expenses

 

21,000 annual expense

Travelling expense

35,000 annual expense

Promotional expense on social media

75,000

Professional fees (legal, audit, consultant)

05% of revenue

Deprecation

5 %

Office expenses

175,000

Office vehicles insurance rate

10%

Depreciation on green house and equipment’s

33 %

Depreciation of vehicle

20 %

Operating costs growth rate

5 %

Accounts receivable cycle

50 days

Raw material inventory

06 months

Amortization of pre operating expenses

05 years

 

Description of production cost assumption

Details

Cost of goods sold growth rates

 10 %

Operating cost growth rate

5 %

Vegetable market expense

10 %

Farm to market trip cost

PKR8000x 12= 96000 per trip load 14 tons

No of trips 12

Description of Revenue assumption

 

Sales prices growth rate

10 %

Production capacity utilization (1-10)

100 %

Days operation

365 days

Financial assumptions

 

Project life

10 %

Structure grantees

20-25 year

Debt

50 %

Equity 

50 %

Interest rate on debt

20 %

Debt tenure

5

Debt payment years

10

 

 

 

Thanks For Reviewing our proposal.

 

Introduction of Dua Enterprises

Dua Enterprises is commerce in 2014. Technology base initiative and application in Pakistan according to need of client demand, Climate situation and Crop media requirements.

  • Company summary: Dua Enterprises is expert in construction of Greenhouse, Hydroponics, Aeroponics, Aquaponics, Vertical farming and Drip irrigation systems. Dua Enterprises constructs system as per client demand, weather condition and as per crop requirement. From turning of urban small rooftop, vacant rooms, underground halls into vertical growing system to hi-tech multi-purpose commercial growing units with most modern growing mediums for all type of vegetables and organic cropping, Climate control Orchards, Flower and cut flower cultivation in the greenhouse and automatic growing system. Commercial Herbs production system, surface and subsurface Drip irrigation system.
  • Mission statement: Dua Enterprises is facilitating growers and new agriculture entrepreneur’s climate change threat and recent effects free growing environment and technology for sustainable agriculture, constant profit, food security and ecological sanctuary. NOT ONLY AGRICULTURE BUT AGRICULTURE BUSINESS.

Company history: Company higher management is qualified and having working experience in EU, GCC countries, Our engineering, technicians, associate agriculturist and trade partners are  experienced staff are facilitate in construction of systems, production management, training of client immediate staff but also support in sale of products in Local market and in international market. Company has working experience with leading public and private institution in Pakistan. Dua Enterprises is engaged with CEPC authorities to establish growing units in Baluchistan. Dua enterprises handled USAID and other donor agencies funded agriculture project in KPK, Baluchistan. Numbers of projects has completed in public and private institutions. Dua Enterprises is associated with known international supplier in Holland, Italy, USA and China. Associates not only provide technology but also provide technical and back end services. Dua Enterprises has introduced IOT Technology to promote Smart Agriculture in Pakistan.  Similarly Dua Enterprises has introduced Drone technology for monitoring and pesticide spray.

  • Markets and services: Dua Enterprises associate with Local Traders, exporters and registered as a vender company with well-known super markets, hotel and elite cafes in Pakistan. Along with infrastructure building, production management, company assist grower in sale of their products. Dua Enterprises is in process of registration of hydroponics SEEDS & Fertilizer from Italy and France.
  • Company Registered with all concern government department, registered with Sindh, Punjab and KPK Irrigation departments and illegible to import of agriculture equipment across the globe.
  • Financial goals: Company is registered with all Government Financial institutions and fulfill all government obligation on regular basis.

DUA ENTERPRISES

WWW.DUAENTERPRISES.NET

Shoaibdua2009@gmail.com

03341418925, 03004218953.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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