EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 

Climate control green house and Aquaponics are recognized most modern growing technology in the world today. This technology transformed conventional agriculture in to agriculture business. This technology is enable bulk production in all seasons. This is most economical, water saving and pest less and free from land hazardous due to soil less production system. Plants are hanging and grow in fish waste nutrient water in Aquaponics system.

 

The proposed project is a medium sized climate controlled greenhouse and Aquaponics growing unit. This unit is one ACRE (30 x90 FT ) is proposed to be growth of particularly four different vegetables like Lettuces, Broccoli, Asparagus ,kale all leaf vegetables and herbs.

 

The numbers of plantation each year are 104760 which are more than one 1 acre conventional pattern of cultivation system. The estimated production would be kg per SQFT or 37414 KGS of lettuces, and 52380 KGS Broccoli respectively in ideal Pakistani conditions and estimation revenue are PKR 4,096,833.00 and 17,128,260.00 per year.

 

Complete adherence to best agronomic practices is critical to the success of this project. Therefore, technical knowledge and experience of the entrepreneur and market access and knowledge, availability of recommend seeds, nutrients, inputs and required  PH, TDS, PMM, healthy environment  level of treated water  and continuous availability of electric city are absolutely necessary.

 

The present economic condition and projection of economic growth up to 2.4 % of GDP in manufacturing large scale and small scales industries, dollar fluctuation impacts and duty and taxation ratio on imports , registration efforts on trading  and services sector the Agricultural is the only taxation FREE area of business(at present). Govt support programs in agriculture area, low interest rate on loaning facilities, demand and supply gap and duties on vegetables (approx. 4 $ billion imports) provided a chance for progressive farmers and business institutions to invest in agriculture sector and fulfill the demand and supply gap and export theirs agriculture product to GCC, Russia, central Asia countries and tailor the opportunity around CPEC. China will not establish their own growing units in Pakistan but also import agriculture products in near future. In that favorable prospective agriculture will be played locomotive role in business as a profitable venture.

 

The cost of construction is little bit higher PKR 7,500.000.00  The project NPV is project at 37,833,568 with an IRR of 64 % and payback period is 3 years.

Disclaimer:

The information memorandum is to introduce the subject matter and provide a general idea and information on the said project and prospective of future agriculture business. Although the material included in this document are based on experienced practicing farmer’s information’s, from authentic research papers of world known researchers, Dua Enterprises own experiences, world known our principal experiences and Data/information gathered from various reliable sources: Although, due care and diligence has been taken to compile this document, the contained information may vary due to any change in any concerned factors, and the actual results may differ substantially from the presented information.

 

 

INTRODUCTION OF DUA ENTERPRISES

Dua Enterprises

Dua Enterprises is commerce in Landscaping, Horticulture, Automatic Irrigation System, Green House, Hydroponic, Aeroponics, Aquaponics, and vertical farming systems and in alternative energy with aim of enriching of environment, facilitate. Gardening dream in to luxurious lawn and backyard garden, accomplish the needs of green Pakistan and familiarize counter strategy and induction of technology to cater new emerging challenges of water shortage, power shortage and food security.

 

Dua Enterprises is one of the leading Greenhouse and all kind of Hydroponic, Construction Company having ability to use most advanced technology to construct greenhouses for all kind of growers from all over Pakistan as per their requirement. With our well experienced staff we designs, manufacture, and construct Greenhouses & hydroponic units considering the Pakistan environment and topography and known for its technological excellence in this field.

 

We specializes in green house designing, assembling and manufacturing We provide one stop solution for greenhouse designs , structures, covering material, kits, weather-control equipment, irrigation equipment and material for greenhouse planting. Our products include Economical Plastic Tunnel, Multi-span Plastic Greenhouse, Poly-Film, polycarbonate, Greenhouse accessories, Shading Equipment, Ventilation Equipment’s, Cooling Equipment’s, Irrigation Systems, Planting Equipment’s, computer monitoring system hydroponic equipment’s like all type of NFT system, deep water system etc. due to energy crisis and minimized the electricity cost we introduce Solar system inbuilt SOLAWRAP cover sheet. LoRa wan technology to monitor system operations, growth, market assessments through IoT senor and gateway system. Dua Enterprises assist our client in purchase of appropriate SEEDS, FERTILIZER, and NUTRIENTS.

Dua Enterprises is associated with world know companies, Hortimax Green-tech Holland, Ridder Drive Systems B.V. Holland ,Hydroponic Technology USA, AYS PROJE TAAHHÜT SAN. TİC. A.Ş.  Turkey greenhouse services China. Our principal not only assisted us with technology/ material but also participated physically in construction of projects and joint venture in GCC countries.

We assist our clients in construction of greenhouse, hydroponic and drip irrigation, after sale services, training of concern staff, facilitation in inputs, seeds , equipment’s, financial institutions /bank loans , marketing and sale of products in local market and foreign market specially Russia, GCC and China.

Our services

Designing

Landscaping

Automatic Drip Irrigation system.

Green House

Hydroponic, Aeroponics, Aquaponics  system. Both vegetables & fodder.

Urban farming and Vertical farming for small scale growers or those who transform their roof tops and vacant rooms in to growing units.

Agriculture equipment’s and Machinery

 

 

 

PURPOSE OF THE DOCUMENT

The objective of the pre-feasibility study is primarily to facilitate potential entrepreneurs, progressive farmers in project identification for investment and future prospective of modern agriculture emergence as an industry and its growth, profitability, sustainability as a profitable venture. The project pre-feasibility may form the basis of an important investment decision and in order to serve this objective, the document/study covers various aspects of project concept development, start-up, and production methodology, marketing, finance and business management.

 

PRESENT VEGETABLE GROWTH AND DEMAND

Vegetables constitute an integral component of the cropping pattern but the increasing pressure on food and cash crops has limited the area under vegetables to about 0.62 million ha, which is 3.1% of the total cropped area. Vegetables fit well in most farming systems due to shorter maturity period.

 

Vegetable crops are very important due to their higher yield potential, higher return and high nutritional value and suitability for small land holding farmers. Vegetables provide proteins, minerals, and vitamins required for human nutrition. In Pakistan, the daily per capita intake is low, being about 100 grams compared to the recommended consumption of about 285 grams. Mean every person is using 185 grams less than requirements, In view of population increase, land degradation and water scarcity, there is a need to substantially increase vegetable production in the years to come and to attain self-sufficiency as well as to increase the exportable surplus.

Agriculture constitutes the largest sector of Pakistan’s economy. This sector contributes 21.4% to its GDP, provides 40% employment and 60% exports. The horticulture sub-sector (Fruits and vegetables etc.) contributes 11% to the total value addition in agriculture sector. The current national horticulture exports are about 400 million US$ (2011-12). Export of major vegetables is presented, indicator were not favorable as compared to India or another Asia countries

 

PRE FEASIBILTY OF SMALL UNIT

 

DESCRIPTION Details
Size 30 x 90 FT  4180 SQFT
Plant to plant distance 6”
Unit size 26 x4x10 ft  26 x 3 x 18 FT
Walking passage 1 FT
Harvesting cycle 5 harvesting in year. Lettuces 7-8 harvesting.
Number of Plant 104760 in year
Water Holding Capacity 1.6 LTR
 
Growing pots with Drainage Recycle system of fish water
TDS level of water Less than 100
PH level of water 6.8 to 7
Humidity in tunnel 80 %
TEMP 26 OCs
Growing All vegetable leaf and herbs
  ORGANIC

 

 

The Aquaponics system is most successful growing system across the globe. Aquaponics is bulk organic production system and ROI is in less than 2 years. Presently organic VEG market prices are 20 to 30 % higher than to normal products. Similarly eatable fish and pharmaceutical production of fish oil also can enhance the profitability.

 

 

 

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THE AQUAPONICS  SYSTEM.

 

Aquaponics is a combination of aquaculture, which is growing fish and other aquatic animals, and this beneficial bacterium are gather in the spaces between the roots of the plant and converts the fish waste and the solids into substances the plants can use to grow.

The primary purpose of an Aquaponics system is to grow plants to feed humans. The purpose of the fish is to create waste bacteria which are to convert fish waste into plant as a fertilizer. Aquaponics is a simulated ecosystem, more precisely, a simulated freshwater ecosystem. Our proprietary system grows six times more per square foot than traditional farmingAquaponics uses 90% less water than traditional farming because Aquaponics recycles the water in the system, we can grow in droughts and areas with little water.  Plants have access to nutrients 24 hours a day, they grow faster. For example, the Aquaponics system speeds up the growth of lettuce from two months to one month. One of the quickest-yield vegetables you can get out of an Aquaponics system is lettuce. Reaching peak maturity at around 28 dayslettuce grows ideally in floating beds. It is very forgiving in terms of the minimum and maximum water temperatures and can survive a range from 25-85 degrees Fahrenheit.

 

They are an excellent fish for eating, boasting a high protein content and a low fish flavor, making them excellent for those who are not fond of eating fish. Catfish – There are a variety of species of catfish, TILAPIA those can be used in an Aquaponics system, but all species work well. Aquaponics is best source of income and profitability.

 

The primary benefits to Aquaponics are:

  • Environmentally responsible with low water usage and low power usage.
  • The primary inputs to the system are Fish food and water.
  • Little to no Chemical usage. …
  • Many of the plants that thrive in Aquaponics growing are very easy to grow.
  • Low susceptibility to pests and diseases.
  • There is no cheating on this with Aquaponics, because we can’t use chemical pesticides of any kind or our fish would die, period.
  • Even most approved organic pesticides would kill our fish. The fish act as the “canary in the coal mine”, and force the Aquaponics farmer to be honest. Even our tap water in Bend contains chloramine, which is an additive much like chlorine that would kill our fish.
  • Aquaponics mimics the natural symbiotic relationship between fish & plants.
  • Even traditional organic farms need to supplement their soil with fertilizers. These fertilizers can be bad for the over health of the soil and watershed.
  •  100% chemical free!
  • No G.M.O.
  • Another advantage of growing indoors is that system does not need spray.

 

 

 

SYSTEM FEATURES.

 

How often do I need to change my water in an Aquaponics system?

In a balanced system, essentially is never. You will need to add water to replace water lost to evaporation or transpiration (water lost by the plants as they grow) but the system is pretty much self-cleaning.

Sunlight:-

Growing system need at least 4-6 hours of good sunlight a day for your plants to grow well, however, your fish do not need sunlight, and in fact you’re better off not having any sun on your fish tank at all if possible.

Change of water:-

Cycling typically requires four to six weeks to complete.

How Much Fish:-

As a general rule of thumb for a media-based Aquaponics system, for every five 20 to 40 liters of fish tank water you can expect 500g of fish. Fewer pests are to deal with since we are growing indoors.

Fish food

No standard formula it is 1 % of fish weight. A few of the most popular homemade fish feeds are duckweed, worms, or larvae. Duckweed is a type of plant that grows very quickly. This plant has a lot of protein that can be great for your fish. Worms can be a great way to give your fish a bit of food.

 

Pure water and filtration:-

The usage of filters are generally excellent for producing high purity water, this water is inhibitory to nitrifying bacteriaNitrifying bacteria are photo-sensitive.

Artificial lighting:-

Especially to blue and purple LED are as an ultraviolet light. After they have colonized a surface, these lights pose no problem.

The fish to plants ratio

There is no standard formula that is directly dependent on the feeding rate in a properly maintained Aquaponics system. In general, fishes use about 80% of food and excrete the rest 20% as waste. The amount of feed fed to the fish daily is considered for per square meter of plant growing area.

Ammonia is alternative source of nutrient without fish: –

The alternative source of nutrient is called fish-less cycling – getting ammonia into your system by some means other than from fish.

PH LEVEL

System need be much less concerned about pH since the pH must only be kept in a range that facilitates cycling without consideration for the safety of the fish.  System should start targeting a pH level of 6.8 – 7.0 because the plants require a lower pH than the bacteria in order to take up nutrients. PH should not less than 6 % and not higher than 7 %.

 

USAGE OF D.KLOR

 D.Klor is natural vitamin for health of fish.

 

Beneficed Bacteria:-

To create beneficial bacteria used Zym-BAC

SEAWEED:-

Best seaweed MAXICROP QUOLA to activate nitrogen and nitrate cycle.

Nitrosomonas or nitrogen No2

The Usage of Nitrosomonas is 0.5 ppm. & nitrate level will not be increased from 10 ppm.

Nitropira

The usage of Nitropira is every 4-6 week or 10 days in fish tank.

Fish Varity

Any fish CAN BE USED, but if available TILAPIA, CRAP, CATFISH, BARRAMUNDI.

 

VEG Can be growing:-

Tomatoes ,peppers,cucumbers,beans,peas,squash,broccoli,cauliflower,cabbage ,any leafy lettuce , Pak choi , kale, Swiss chard, arugula ;Basil, Mint, Watercress, Chives, most common house plants.

 

The cucumber is considered a fruit but used as a vegetable. When cucumbers are grown in a Portable Farms Aquaponics System, they can be grown YEAR ROUND and sold to local customers as organic food for top prices.

 

Disadvantages:-

 

Aquaponics system is virtually expensive system, but it is very profitable system.

 

  • Expensive to setup
  • You need a greenhouse,
  • Water needs to be constantly monitored and cleaning.
  • Complicated for the amount of fish. System needs to keeping a healthy environment for the fish is where most of the complexity lies within the system. Water needs to be free of toxins (especially ammonia and nitrite) and also have enough oxygen for the fish you are keeping. This can involve adding extra aeration sources and making partial water changes to improve water quality.  Stocking fish at a lower density will in most cases reduce the pressures on a system and make it more tolerant to changing conditions and less likely to suffer from the above problems – though this means you will have less fish to eat.
  • Aquaponics requires electric energy inputto maintain and recycle water within the system. In most cases you will need to provide electricity to run a water pump and possibly aeration pumps as well. We run our 80w water pump for 5 minutes every hour to flood and drain our grow bed or vertical system. As we currently run the pump day and night this amounts to 2 hours of usage a day – so similar to having a light in your house (with an old style bulb/led lights) on for the same length of time.
  • If one or more components fail this could lead to the lossof fish and or plants. In this regard you are dependent on using reliable technology (and backup systems) to ensure that your fish, which require oxygen in the water, remain alive and healthy. Your plants are likely to be unaffected in the short term, as the growing medium will likely retain more than enough moisture, though if the fish are not provided enough oxygen, they can suffer and die. This is the same situation for aquaculture systems.

 

 

Flow diagram

 

 

Seeding–transplant-production-  water tank for fish –cleaning-irrigation— fertigation—recycling of water–harvesting –packing– logistic and sales

 

Cycle of growth & Harvesting

 

70-80 days

 

Yields per Green house for each vegetable in zone 10 (Pakistan)?

 

are ABOUT 800 GRMS APPROX. / plant.

 

How much water is required greenhouse?

 

5000 gallon is required water tank and with fresh water induction on daily base.

 

How much Electric city is required in green house?

Each fan consumed 1 unit PH x 4 x 5 units in hot days

Water controlling system 1 units per day

Water pump station: 9 units per day

Ro plant 8 units per day

Aquaponics system used 2 units per day.

Misting, fogging system and air & oxygen pump 1 unit per day when required

Per unit is available PKR 13.00

6-8 hours LIGHTING 4 UNIT IN DAY.

SEED

There is so much research that goes into Determinated/ Indeterminated the best seeds for Aquaponics  to reduce the probability of failed germination

PRICES: PKR 5000- 8600/1000 SEEDS.

Dua Enterprises is solo agent of SUBA ITALY All type of seed and CANDA BASED Nutrient Company for all type of Nutrients.

 

VEGETABLES AND HERB CAN GROW.

ROCKET SALAD, SPINACH, ASPASAGUS, MUSSCULAM, BROCCOLI, CABBAGE, CULIFLOWER, CLIPGROUND, VIDABLOGGER, ICEBERG, 5 VERITIES OF LETTUCE, WATERCRESS, MUSTARDLEAF, KALE AND LEAF VEGS.

HERB:

ANISE,BASIL,CATNIP,CHAMOMILE,CHERVIL,CHIVES,CILANTRO,CORIANDER,DILL,FANNEL,OREGANO,,PARSELY,ROSEMARY,SAGE,PARSLEY,TARRAGON,THYME.

DUA ENTERPRISES IS ASSIST CLIENT IN PURCHASE OF SEEDS, FERTILIZERS & NUTRIENTS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESTIMATION PRODUCTION

Items Number of plants PRO in kg /year In Tons
Broccoli
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 400 GRM 104760 /2= 52380 KGS 52.38 TONS
Cabbage
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 600 GRM 104760/1.5= 69940 KGS 69.94 TONS
Ice berg
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 370 GRM 104760/2.5= 41904 KGS 41.90 TONS
Rock salad
The average yield in Pakistan per flower 400 GRM 104760/2.5= 41904 KGS 41.90 TONS
Lettuces
The average yield in Pakistan 350 GRM 104760/2.80= 37414 KGS 37.41 TONS
KALE
THE AVERAGE YIELD IN PAKISTAN 175 GRM 104760/5.7= 18378 KG 18.37 TONS

 

 

Average pricing in market

ON CONSERVATIVE SIDE:

Broccoli Prices
August – November  PKR 350/KG
November to February PKR 400/KG
February – May PKR 280/ KG
May – August PKR 280/KG
Average price PKR 327/kg
Cabbage
August- November PKR 100/KG
November – February PKR 80/KG
February – May PKR 60/KG
May– August PKR 80/KG
Average price PKR 80/ KG
Ice berg
August- November PKR 90/KG
November – February PKR 80/KG
February – May PKR 80/KG
May – August PKR 60/KG
Average price PKR 77/KG
Rock salad
August – November PKR 12O/KG
November – February PKR 110/KG
February – May PKR 120/KG
May – August PKR 110/KG
AVERAGE PKR 115/-
LETTUCES  
AUG- NOV PKR 90/-
NOV-FEB PKR 110/-
FEB-MAY PKR 158/-
MAY-AUG PKR  80/-
AVERAGE PKR 109/-
Kale, spar grass, muster leaf PKR 280/ KG – 350 /kg

 

ESTIMATED SALES BASED ON ABOVE AVERAGE PRICE

5 % WASTAGE

ITEMS PER KGS PRODUCTION SALE
BROCCOLI 327/KGS  52380 KGS 17,128,260.00
ICE BERG 77/KGS 41904 KGS 3,226,608.00
CABBAGE 80/KGS 69940 KGS 5,595,200.00
ROCK SALAD 115/KGS 41904 KGS 4,818,960.00
LUTTCES 109/KGS 37414 KGS 4,096,833.00
KALE 280/KGS 18378 KG 5,145,840.00
Fish 150/kg 20,000 kg 3,000,000.00
  • PROJECTED SALES is more than conventionally cultivated one acre. (ESTIMATED BY SMEDA PRE FEASIBILITY PAPER )
  • 10 % INCREASED IN EVERY YEAR

 

OPERATIONAL EXPENDITURE IN YEAR

 HYDROPONIC UNIT DAILY MONTHLY YEARLY
BROCCOLI 32552.00
ICE BERG 19750.00
SEED CABBAGE 23556.00
ROCK SALAD 18700.00
LETTUCES 42552.00
FISH FOOD 445.00 13350.00 160200.00
FOOD SUPPLIMENT  FOR FISH 300.00 9000.00 108,000.00
ELECTRIC CITY PKR 13/UNIT and  30 unit 390.00 11700.00 140,400.00
WATER 5000 GALLON (RECYCLE) 0.40/gallon 50.00 5000.00 60,000.00
LABOUR 1+1 8000.00 192,000.00
CLEANING OF FLITRATION 14025.00 168,300.00
PACKING AND TRANSPORTATION 168,300.00
TOTAL 1,039,752.00

5 % INCREASE EVERY YEAR.

 

 

 

 

 

 

INCOME SCOPE

DESCRIPTION BROCCOLI ICEBERG KALE ROCKSALAD CABBAGE LETTUCES
REV 17,128,260 3,226,608 5,145,840 5,405,115 5,595,200 4,096,833
OP-EXP 1,039,752 989,608 1,039,752 1,039,752 989,608 1,039,752
G-INCOME 16,088,508 2,237,000 4,106,088 4,365,363 4,605,592 3,057,081
MAR/ADM 1,887,826 497,660 689,584 734,520 783,360 584,683
NET INCOME 14,200,682 1,739,339 3,416,504 4,594,347 3,630,843 2472,397
10 YEARS PROJECTION OF BROCCOLI 10% INCREASE IN REVNUE AND 10 % OPS+ ADMIN EXPENSE
YEARLY N/INCOME YEAR 1 YEAR 2-3 YEAR 4-5 YEAR 6-7 YEAR 8-9 YEAR 10
BROCCOLI REV 17,128,260 23,054,284 28,115,140 33,738,168 40,535,801 44,589,381
EXP 2,288,160 2,402,568 2,526,696 2,652,830 2,785,471 2,924,744
INCOME 16,923,744 20,651,716 25,588,444 31,085,338 37,750,330 41,664,637
Lettuces 4,096,833 4,506,516 4,957,167 5,452,883 5,998,121 6,597,933
EXP 1,624,735 1,787,208 1,965,928 2,162,520 2,378,772 2,616,649
income 2,472,098 2,719,308 2,991,239 3,290,363 3,619,349 3,981,284
Fish  20,000 kgs @ 150/kg 3,000,000 3,300,000 3630,000 3,993,000 4,392,300 4,831,530
Total 5,472,098 6,019,308 6,621,239 7,283,363 8,011,649 8,812,814

 

KEY Assumption

Description Details
Revenue generation 10 %
Expenditure increase 5 %
Recover of investment 2 year
IRR 64 %
NPV 37,833,568.00
Replacement of equipment 6 YEARS
Cooling pad 3 years
Cover sheet 4 years
DB 5 years

 

 

 

 

 

COST OF CONSTRUCTION OF SYSTEM

Description Cost
GI pipe Skelton, arms 2” with thickness 2mm, arch 2” wt 2mm, 25mm wt 2mm and 16 mm with thickness 2mm 165,230.00
POLYCARBONATE SHEET SUITABLE 746,500.00
Green shade 25,000.00
Ventilation system automatic 293,000.00
MISTING 78,000.00
Fogging 155,000.00
Tank, trays and equipment, 463,287.00
FLITRATION , Biological , clarifier, conical, thermometer 1,764,437.00
Water controlling system automatic 328,700.00
Water distribution system (recycle) 235,000.00
Growing system 1,629,760.00
Germination area 250,000.00
CO2,OZAN 287,000.00
Air purification 280,000.00
LIGHTING 223,750.00
Civil work flooring sides walls 85000.00
Electric panel and wiring 85000.00
TDS, EC,PH,TEMP, MONITOR 65000.00
Labour 275000.00
Total: 7,339,664.00
SERVICES CHARGES 6 % OF THE TOTAL COST 440,378.00
EXCHANGE RATE 1 USD = 156 PKR
Civil work As requirement
Water source  as per your design and requirement At actual
RO PLANT AS PER REQUIRMENT
SENOR CONTROL /MONITORING SYSTEM ON DEMAND ON DEMAND

ALL GOVT TAXES AND DUTIES WILL BE ADDED UP ACCORDINGLY.

75 % ADVANCE, 15 % IN MIDDLE, 10 % ON COMPLETION OF JOB.

Cost can be changed after physical visit of site.

All rate based on dollar , dollar fluctuation will determine rates.

Disclaimer:

PLEASE CONTACT UNDERSIGN FOR FURTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Muhammad Shoaib Akbar

Dua Enterprises  

Landscaping, Horticulture, Automatic irrigation system Green house, Hydroponic system, Hydroponic fodder, Pivot irrigation system, Drone sprayer and Agro machinery

17 F HBFC Ichhra Apartment Rasool Park Ichhra Lahore Pakistan

Tel: 92 42 37501212, 923341418925, 92 300 4218953, whatsapp 923341418925

shoaibdua2009@gmail.com

www.duaenterprises.net